Main Street. LOS ANGELES. 98. Route. 567
quarters of the characteristic Californian industry of fruit-growing. The
plains and valleys around it are covered with vineyards, olive, orange, and
lemon-groves, and orchards. In 1C03 the value of the fresh and canned
fruit exported from Los Angeles amounted to $ 13,000,000. Los Angeles
is also the centre of a district that produces petroleum and asphalt.
Though less specifically a health resort than some other places in
Southern California, Los Angeles enjoys a mild and equable climate, wiih
a tendency to coolness at night (mean annual temp., Jan. 52°, Aug. 70°).
The city, especially the residential quarters, is embowered in vegetation,
among the characteristic features of which are the swift-growing eucalyptus,
the graceful pepper-tree, an occasional palm, Norfolk Island pines, live oaks,
india-rubber trees, orange-trees, roses, geraniums, yuccas, century plants,
bananas, calla lilies, and pomegranates.
Southern California, of which Los Angeles is the principal city, possesses,
perhaps, an all-the-year-roand climate that approaches perfection as nearly
as any other known to us. It is a semi-tropical climate with little frost,
no snow, and moderate winter rains, remarkable for its equableness and
dryness. Winter and summer are terms that here lose their ordinary
significance, their place being taken by what may almost be ca'leda perpetual
spring. Sea-bathing may be practised in Dec. or Jan., while the dryness
of the atmosphere and the ocean breezes make the summer much less
trying than in places farther to the E. The wild flowers of S. California,
of which the golden poppy (Eschschollzia Californica) is one of the most
characteristic, are extraordinary in number, variety, and brilliancy. 'The
greatest surprise of the traveller is that a region which is in perpetual
bloom and fruitage, where semi-tropical fruits mature in perfection, and
the most delicate flowers dazzle the eye with color the winter through,
should have on the whole a low temperature, a climate never enervating,
and one requiring a dress of woollen in every month' (Warner). Comp.
'Our Italy', by Chas. Dudley Warner; 'California of the South', by W. Lindley
and J. P. Widney (1888); 'To California and Back', by C. A. Higgns (1903);
and 'Southern California', by C. A. Keeler (1903).
Main Street is the dividing line for E. and W. (as First St. is
for N. and S.) and contains many substantial buildings. Among these
are the Federal Building, the County Court House in Temple St.,
aud the City Hall in Broadway. The latter contains a good Public
L'brary, with over 90,000 volumes. Other edifices worthy of mention
are the Women's Club, in the 'Mission-Renaissance' style, the new
Chamber of Commerce, and the State Normal School. The Viaduct
of the Electric Tramway, in San Fernando St., spanning the railway
tracks on the E. side of the city, is an interesting piece of engineering.
Los Angeles also contains four Theatres and several Parks (including
the Griffith Park of 3000 acres, and the Eastlake and Wesilake Parks,
each with a small lake). There is a new and model Race Course in
the suburbs. The small plaza, with the Church of Our Lady, at the
N. end of the business-town, is interesting as a survival of the ancient
settlement. Just beyond is a genuine Chinatown (p. 549), keeping
many of the original adobe' structures. Sonora Town, the surburb to
the N., remains unchanged since Fremont hoisted the flag in 1846.
A visit may also be paid to one of the open Zanjas, or irrigating
canals, in the suburbs, and to the oil belt, with its curious pumps.
Los Angeles is a busy centre for short trips, chiefly made now by electric
cars, which are both more frequent and more accessible than the steam
railways. Round-trip tickets may be procured either from the conductor
or at the offices (latter advisable on crowded days to ensure a seat). The
Traction Co. manages all the intramural cars and issues transfers for the