000 Route 9S. LOS ANGELES. Hotels.
452 M. Saugus (1160 ft) is the junction of a branch-line to
Montalvo (see p. 563).
The Los Angeles line runs towards the S. and beyond (454 M.)
Newhall (hotel), a grain and cattle point, penetrates the San Fernando
Mts. (ca. 3000 ft.) by a tunnel 11/4 M. long (1470 ft. above the sea),
and traverses a gap of brown hills with live oaks. The Valley of San
Fernando, which we now enter, is a great grazing valley, and its green
orange and olive groves form a strong contrast to the desert we have
been traversing. 463 M. Fernando (1068 ft), with the ruins of the
Spanish Mission of San Fernando. iliM.Burbank (555ft), famous for
its alfalfa, is the junction of the main Coast line (see p. 563). 478 M.
Tropica (435 ft.) is famed for its strawberries ('Tropico beauties').
484 M. Los Angeles (290 ft), see below.
98. Los Angeles.
Railway Stations. Southern Pacific, Fifth St.; Santa Fe (Atchison,
Topeka, and Santa Fi), Santa Fe Ave.; Salt Lake (San Pedro, Los Angeles,
and Salt Lake), E. First St.
Hotels. Westminster, cor. of 4th & Main Sts., from $ 3, R. from
S 1; Pepper, Lexington (these two new); Angells, cor. of 4th & Spring Sts.,
from $ 4, R. from $ 1; Van Nuts Hotel, cor. of 4th & Main Sts., R. $ 1-5;
Hollexbeok, R. from $ 1; Nadead, R. from 3 1. — The following hotels
are less expensive and in quieter parts of the town : Meleose, Grand Ave.,
from $2; Bellevue Teerace, with grounds, from $2\/2; Abbotsfoed Inn,
from $ 2; aud several smaller hotels about the parks (see p. 567). ■—
Fremont, at the cor. of 4th & Olive Sts., from $ 2'/2. — Travellers report
that at some of the larger hotels in Los Angeles it is desirable to come
to a clear understanding about prices beforehand.
Restaurants. Hollenbeck Hotel; Van Nuys Hotel; Del Monte; Levy's.
Electric Cars (5 c.) traverse the chief streets and run to the suburbs. —
'Seeing Los Angeles' Observation Cars and Automobiles (comp. p. 17), with
guides, several times daily.
Post Office, Main St., cor. of 8th St,
British Vice-Consul, Mr. Charles White Mortimer.
Hotel and Travel Bureau, L. L. Whitlock, 207 W. Third St.
Los Angeles, or La Puebla de Nuestra Senora la Reina de Los
Angeles ('City of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'), the metro¬
polis of Southern California, lies on the Los Angeles River, 20 M.
above its mouth and 15 M. in a direct line from the Pacific Ocean.
It was founded by the Spaniards in 1781 and passed into American
possession in 1846. It was, however, of no great importance till
after 18^0, when it underwent an almost unprecedentedly rapid
increase in wealth and population. Its population rose from 11,183
in 1880 to 50,395 in 1890 and to 102,479 in 1900, and its adobe-
houses have given place almost entirely to stone and brick business
blocks and mansions and tasteful wooden residences. It is now a
crowded and lively town of wide streets and spacious side-walks,
with an extensive residential quarter, 130 churches, over 60 public
schools, and about 1700 manufactories, with a total annual produce of
the value of $ 30,000,000; it publishes newspapers in seven languages.
Los Angeles is a railway-centre of great importance and is the head-