to Los Angeles. MOJAVE. 97. Route. 565
the Sequoia National Park or Giant Forest (6500ft.; Camp, $2), which lies
in the High Sierra, 40 M. to the E. of the railway, and contains splendid
forests of sequoias, besides most remarkable gorges, peaks, and caverns.
The tree named 'General Sherman' is 370 ft. in height and 34 ft, in girth.
The proprietors of the coaches provide excellent tent accommodation and
good food, while they also furnish guides, pack-trains, and camp-outfit for
those who wish to visit Mt. Whitney, Kern and King's River Caflons, and
other attractive points in the Sierra.
251 M. Tulare (280 ft.; Grand Hotel, $ 2), a flourishing little
town with 2216 inhab. The irrigation in this district is largely pro¬
vided by artesian wells, the water being raised by electric pumps.
About 7 M. to the W. of (261 M.) Tipton (265 ft) lies Tulare
Lake, a large body of water, at one time over 50 M. long, but which
is gradually drying up, and now appears much of the time like a vast
barren desert of mud. 282 M. Delano. From (294 M.) Famoso
coaches also run to (60 M.) the Sequoia National Park (see above). —
314 M. Bakerspeld (415 ft; Southern, $2-21/2; Grand, $21/2), with
Fbom Bakeksfield to Olio, 50 M. railway in 3 hrs. This line runs
to the W., traversing one of the rich oil regions of the Upper San Joaquin
valley, of which Bakersfield is the central shipping and marketing centre.
Pipe-lines lead from this region to (300 M.) Port Richmond, for loading into
vessels in the bay of San Francisco. This oil has greatly developed the
manufacturing possibilities of the State (comp. p. 546), its cost as fuel being
only one-third that of coal. Bakersfield is becoming a busy manufacturing
town, and factory-chimneys and cil-derricks are now much in evidence.
The grain and fruit lands of this region (150,000 acres) are irrigated by
3300 M. of canals, supplied with water by the Kern River.
At (336 M.) Caliente (1290 ft.) we leave the San Joaquin Valley
and begin to ascend the *Tehachapi Pass, which crosses the Sierra
Nevada between this valley and the Desert of Mojave. The con¬
struction of the railway here is a very remarkable piece of engineer¬
ing. The line winds backwards and forwards and finally, at the *Loop
(3050 ft.), crosses its own track, at a height of about 80 ft. above
the tunnel it has just threaded. Eight other short tunnels are
passed through before the summit is gained at (362 M.) Tehachapi
(4025 ft.), beyond which the train runs along a plateau for some
miles, passing a small salt lake, before beginning the descent to the
desert. 371 M. Cameron (3785 ft.).
382 M. Mojave ('Mohahve"; 2750 ft.; Railway Hotel, $ 3), the
junction of the Santa Fe and the Southern Pacific Railroads (see
p. 525), is a handful of wooden shanties on the edge of the cheer¬
less Mojave Desert described at p. 524. The Los Angeles line runs
towards the S. across the desert, forming an almost absolutely
straight line for many miles. Old Baldy (p. 570) is seen in front,
to the left, while the San Bernardino Mts. are faintly seen on the
horizon (farther to the left). 396 M. Rosamond (2315 ft.). Beyond
(407 M.) Lancaster (2350 ft.) we quit the desert for a hilly country,
passing through several short tunnels and crossing the Soledad Pass
(3200 ft). 417 M. Harold (2820 ft); 427M. Acton (2670 ft). We
now descend steadily, through cuttings and over bridges.