552 Route 95. SAN FRANCISCO. Excursions.
(2604 ft.; 2 hrs. from San Francisco; through-fare §1.15, return $1.90).
The railway terminates at the Tavern of Tamalpais (from $ 3), about 200 ft.
below the summit. The 'View from the top includes the Pacific Ocean,
the Coast Range, the Sierra Nevada, the Santa Cruz Mts., the Contra Costa
Hills (overtopped by Mt. Hamilton), Mt. Diablo, San Francisco, and San
Francisco Bay. A trail has been cut from the railway to Bolmas Ridge, etc.
From Mill Valley excursions may also be made to the Red Wood Cation and
other points of interest. — 10 M. San Anselmo, the junction of a short line
to San Rafael (see below); 24 M. Camp Taylor; 26 M. Tocaloma; 32 M.
Point Reyes, a shooting and fishing preserve, at the head of Tomales Bay.
Beyond (63 M.) Occidental (600 ft.) we pass through a fine redwood district.
— 81 M. Cazadero ("Cazadero Hotel, $ 2), a favourite sporting and summer
resart in the midst of the redwoods. Stages run hence to the N. along
(2). The second ferry plies to (6 M.) Tiburon, the starting-point of the
railway to San Rafael, Petaluma, and Willits (see below)
[Feom Tibueon to Willits, 132 M., California North-Western Railway, iu
7 hrs. — 9 M. San Rafael (generally pron. 'SanRafell'; "Hotel Rafael, from
S3; Jordan, $l'/2; many small hotels and boarding-houses), a charming
little resort, affording a pleasant and balmy relief from the dusty winds of
San Francisco, should be visited by every tourist, especially in the time
of roses. It may also be reached from Sausalito by (12 M.) the North Shore
Railway..— 31 M. Petaluma (American Hotel, 52), with 3871 inhab., has
a thriving trade in grain and fruit. At (46 M.) Santa Rosa (Grand, Occidental,
S 2) an omnibus meets trains for (2V-2 M.; 'are 50 c.) White Sulphur Springs.
51 M. Fulton, the junction of a branch-line to Guerneville and Camp Vacation,
18 M.); 52 M. Mark West, with sulphur springs; 60 M. Healdsburg. From
(68 M.) Geyserville stages run to ('J M.) Skaggs' Springs, with a number
of warm sulphur springs. — From (78 M.) Cloiserdale (United States Hotel,
3 li/2-2'/2) a stage-coach runs to (18 M.; fare $ 2) the "Geyser Springs (2000 ft.;
Hotel, 52'/2), a number of boiling springs in the Devil's Canon, near the
Pinion River. These springs vary greatly in temperature, appearance, and
character, but there are no true geysers among them (comp. p. 4t5). The
accepted theory ascribes them to chemical action. A guide is procured at
the hotel to point out and name the most interesting features. The Geyser
Springs may also be reached from Calistoga (p. 553). — Beyond Cloverdale
the line continues to run towards the N., with the Russian River at some
distance to the right. From (92 M.) Hopland stages ply to various points
in the picturesque Clear Lake District (numerous mineral springs). 92 M.
Ukiah. — It is proposed to extend the line from (132 M.) Willits, the present
terminus, to Eureka, on Humboldt Bay. Stages now cover the gap between
Willits and Scotia, to which point the railway has been built, 23 M. to the S.
(3). The third ferry is that to Oakland, already mentioned at p. 503.
This is the route for the chief railways to the N., S., and E. and also for
the San Francisco, Oakland, it- San Josi Electric Railway, commonly known
as the 'Key Route'.
(4) Another line plies to (3 Jl.) Alameda Mole, whence the Southern
Pacific Railway runs to (6 M.) Alameda (Park Hotel, from $2'/2; Leona),
a pleasant suburban town (16,464 inhab), adjoining Oakland on the S.,
with attractive gardens and well-kept streets. The narrov.'-gauge line to
Santa Cruz (R. 96) also begins at Alameda Mole.
Fkom San Feanoisco to Calistoga, 73 M., Southern Pacific Railway in
3Vi-3l,'2 hrs. — From San Francisco to (29 M.) Vallejo Junction, see p. 502.
We then cross the strait by steamer to (31 M.) South Vallejo. 32 M. North
Vallejo ('Vallayho'), a small town of 7985 inhab., opposite Mare Island
(p. 551). The train now runs to the N. through the fertile "Napa Valley,
which is especially rich in grapes and other fruits. — From (38 M.) Napa
Junction branch-lines run to (13 M.) Suisun (p. 502), and to Sonoma (p. 553),
Glen Ellen, and Santa Rosa (see above). From C46 M.) Napa (hotel, $2), a
busy little city of 4036 inhab., we may drive to the (6 M.) Napa Soda Springs.
Beyond (55 M.) Younlville we traverse extensive vineyards. 64 M. St. Helena,