Excursions. SAN FRANCISCO. 95. Route. 551
Cliff Railway skirts the rocks overhanging the Golden Gate (p. 545), of
which it affords a magnificent "View, and ends near the entrance to "Sutro
Heights Park, the beautifully laid-out grounds of the late Mr. Adolph
Sutro (freely open to the public). The fine trees and plants here grow
luxuriantly on the originally sandy hut now well-watered site. The statuary
could be dispensed with. Fine "View from the terrace over the Pacific
Ocean, with the Farralone Islands 30 M. to the W. (lighthouse). At our
feet lies the 'Cliff House, a hotel and restaurant. The cliief attraction
here is the view from the piazza of the "Seal Rocks, a stone's throw
from the land, which are covered with hundreds of huge sea-lions (Span.
lobos marines), basking in the sun. Some of the animals are 12-15 ft. long
and weigh from 1000 lbs. upwards; and their evolutions in the water are
very interesting. Their singular barking is easily audible amid the roar
of the breakers. Near the Cliff House are the huge and magnificent "Sutro
Public Baths, with salt-water swimming pools, an aquarium, restaurants,
and a theatre. — The station of the Ocean Beach Railway (see p. 550) lies
on the beach, a little to the S. of the Cliff House. Drivers who have come
by Geary St. or Golden Gate Park may vary the route, in returning, by
following the beach for about 3 M. and then taking the San Miguel Toll
or Mission Pass Road (comp. Plan; fine views). To the right, near the
beginning of this road, lies Lake Merced.
Among the short drives or trips by electric car from San Francisco
may be mentioned that to Mt. San Bruno (1325 ft.), 7 M. to the S. (2 M.
from Baden, p. 556), a good point of view. — A drive along the water-front
gives some idea of the commercial activity of San Francisco and may include
visits to the large Union Iron Works (by permission obtained at city-office)
at Potrero Point (PI. H, 7; also accessible by electric car), where iron ships
of war are built, and to the Dry Dock at Hunter's Point.
The Government Posts in the Bay of San Francisco may be visited by
the steamer 'General McDowell', which sails thrice daily from the foot of
Washington St. (PI. G,2) to Alcatraz, Angel Island, Fort Mason (Black Point),
and the Presidio (permit for any day except Thurs. and Sun. at the Military
Headquarters in the Phelan Building, p. 546). Alcatraz Island is strongly
fortified and contains a military prison and a torpedo station. Angel Island
is also fortified, and serves as the Quarantine Station. Yerba Buena, known
popularly as Goat Island, is the naval training-station, aud the 'Pensacola',
an old man-of-war, is moored here as a school-ship. The Presidio and Fort
Mason are described at p. 518. — The largest naval station near San Francisco
is at Mare Island, reached via. Vallejo Junction and Vallejo (see p. 552).
The island is the headquarters of the U. S. Pacific Naval Squadron and of
the U. S. Marine Corps, and contains a Navy Yard, with large dry docks
and interesting machinery.
"San Francisco Bay, a noble sheet of water 50 M. long and 10 M.
wide, gives San Francisco one of the grandest harbours in the world and af¬
fords numerous charming excursions. The various Feeeies start from the
foot of Market St. (P1.G,2). A steamer starts daily from the foot of Mission
St., morning and afternoon, making the round of the bay. Excursion-
steamers also ply sometimes through the Golden Gate to the Pacific Ocean,
standing out to sea for a short distance and then returning.
(1). The steamer starting farthest to the N. plies to the N. across the
Bay, affording a good view of the Golden Gale (left) and Belvedere (right),
a hilly peninsula jutting into the bay from the N. shore, with many summer
homes and a hotel, to (6 M.) Sausalito (Geneva, Hollyoaks), a pleasant little
yachting, bathing, and fishing resort, with many scrub-oaks and a few
laurels, eucalyptus-trees, and willows (sausal; the last once much more
numerous). A pleasant walk, with good views of the Golden Gate, leads
round the promontory via, Lime Point to (4 M.) Bonita Point, the N. horn
of the Golden Gate (lighthouse).
[From Sausalito the Nobth Shore Electeic Railway ('third-rail' system)
runs to the N. to (81 M.) Cazadero. — From (5 M.) Mill Valley, a charming
region, thick with villas and cottages, on a branch of this line, a winding
mountain-railway (views) ascends to (8V4 M.) the top of Mt. Tamalpais