382 Route 57. WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS. From New York
$ 3; numerous boarding houses and cottages), the largest and most
fashionable of the Virginian spas, is finely situated in the heart of
the Alleghenies and is visited annually by thousands of guests.
For over a century the Greenbrier White Sulphur Springs have been
the typical resort of the wealth and aristocracy of the South; and the
pictures of Southern life, beaufy, and fashion still seen here will be found
of great interest by the European or Northern visitor. The valley is well
wooded and affords delighiful drives. The gaiety of the place is promoted
by numerous balls and other diversions.
The temperature of the water is 62° Fabr. and its chief ingredients are
nitrogen, oxygen, carbonic acid, hydro-sulphuric acid, sulphates of lime and
magnesia, and carbonate of lime. It is used both internally and exter¬
nally, and is efficacious in dyspepsia, liver complaints, nervous affections,
gout, rheumatism, skin diseases, asthma, etc. Mud baths are also used.
The spring yields 30 gallons per minute. Large swimming-baths.
Among the most prominent of the mountains enclosing the valley are
Kale's Mt. (3500ft), 1 M. to the S.; Greenbrier (3500ft.), 1 M. to the W.,
and the White Rock (3200 ft.), 3 M. to the S.W.
The train now descends the valley of the Greenbrier. Many
tunnels. Coaches run from (491 M.) Fort Spring (1625 ft.; inn)
to (14 M.) Salt Sulphur Springs (Hotel, $2721, and from (507 M.)
Lowell (1550 ft.) to (12 M.) Red Sulphur Springs (Hotel, $ 21/2),
resembling the Eaux Bonnes of the Pyrenees (54° Fahr.). Beyond
(519 M.) Hinlon (1375 ft.) we follow the New River, with its ro¬
mantic falls. 541 M. Quinnimont (1195 ft.); 571 M. Hawk's Nest
(830 ft.; hotel), opposite a huge cliff 1200 ft. high; 580 M. Kanawha
Falls (705 ft.), with a pretty waterfall on the Kanawha River, formed
by the confluence (2 M. above) of the New River and the Gauley.
The train now leaves the picturesque scenery and reaches a more
open district. Numerous coal-mines. To the right flows the Kana¬
wha. — 616 M. Charleston (600 ft.; Hot. Ruffner, $2V2-3V2), the
capital of West Virginia, a city of 11,099 inhab., with a State House.
A fine bridge, 75 ft. high, leads across the river from the station to
the city. — At (663 M.) Guyandotte (560 ft.) we reach the Ohio
River. 666 M. Huntington (Rail. Restaurant). 673 M. Kenova is
named from its position at the conjunction of Kentucky, Ohio, and
(W) Virginia. At (676 M.) Catlettsburg (545 ft.) we cross the Big
Sandy and enter Kentucky (the 'Blue Grass State'). The train now
follows the left bank of the Ohio all the way to Cincinnati. At
(682 M.) Ashland (6800 inhab.) the line forks, the left branch
running via Lexington (p. 397) to (208 M.) Louisville (p. 395).
686 M. Russell or Ironton (11,868 inhab.), on the Ohio (right) bank
of the river; 764 M. Maysville; 772 M. South Ripley; 824 M. Newport
(p. 387); 826 M. Covington (p. 387). We now cross the Ohio to —
828 M. Cincinnati (Central Union Station), see p. 384.
c. Via Cleveland.
8S6 M. Railway in 20-26 hrs. (fare $18; sleeper $4). N. Y. C. R. R. to
(MOM.) Buffalo; Lake Shore Ry.iheuce to(623M..)Cleveland; &no\C.C.C.&St. L.
Ry. thence to (886 M.) Cincinnati. Buffalo may also be reached by the routes
mentioned at pp. 242-248. Through sleeping-cars on the express trains.