LEXINGTON. 57. Route. 381
(1500 ft.; Afton Ho., $2; Mountain Top Ho., 172 M. from Afton
and 2000 ft. above the sea, $2), pleasantly situated near the top
of the ridge (tunnel) and affording fine views of the Piedmont Valley
far below us. The orchards of this region produce the famous
'Albemarle pippin'. At (370 M.) Basic City (Brandon, $2-3) we
cross the Norfolk & Western R. R. (see p. 430). — 383 M. Staunton
(1385 ft.; Eakleton, $2-2'/2; Palmer Ho., $2), an industrial town
with 7289 inhab. and several large educational institutions, lies on
the plateau between the Blue Ridge and the Allegheny Mts., at the
head of the Shenandoah Valley.
Staunton is the junction of a line (B. St, O. It. R.) to (36 M.) Lexington
(Lexington, $ 2-2'/2), the seat of the Washington and Lee University (300 stu¬
dents; good portraits by C. W. Peale of Washington and Lafayette) and
the Virginia Military Institute. Generals Robert E. Lee and '■Stonewall' Jack¬
son are both buried here, and statues of them have been erected.
North Mt. (2075 ft.) rises to the right near (391 M.) Swoope's
(1645 ft.). 415 M. Gos/ien (1600 ft.; Allegheny Hotel, finely situated
on a bluff to the left, $ 3-5) is the junction of a narrow-gauge line
to the (9 M.) Rockbridge Alum Springs (2000 ft.; Grand, Brook,
Central, $ 2-372). — 422 M. Millboro (1680 ft.) is the station for
Millboro Springs, Bath Alum Springs, etc. — 439 M. Clifton Forge
(1050 ft.; Gladys Hotel, $ 272-3 ; Rail. Restaurant), on the Jackson
River, is the junction of the James River Branch of the C. & O. R.R.
We now change from Eastern to Central time. To the left flows tbe
picturesque Jackson. — From (452 M.) Covington (1245 ft.; Inter-
mont, $2-5) a branch-line runs to Hot Springs.
From Covington to Hot Springs, 25 M., railway in I1/4 hr. (through-
sleeper from New York via Washington). — Hot Springs are connected by
good ruads, traversed by coaches, with (2'/2 M.) Healing Springs and (5M.)
Warm Springs. All these thermal springs, situated in a mountain-girt
valley 20UO-2500 ft. above sea-level, are used both for drinking and bathing
and are efficacious in gout, rheumatism, liver and cutaneous complaints,
dyspepsia, scrofula, etc. All are provided with ample hotel and cottage
accommodation, the transient rates varying from $ 2 per day at the Healing
Springs Hotel to $ 3 and upwards per day at the 'Sew Homestead and
Virginia Hotels at Hot Springs (cheaper by the week or longer). The
Alphin ($2'/j-3'/2) at Hot Springs, a smaller house, is also well spoken
of. Tbe Hot Springs have a temperature of 78-110° Fahr., the Warm Springs
of 98°, and the Healing Springs of 84°. The scenery in the neighbourhood
is picturesque, and numerous pleasant excursions can be made. There is
a golf-course at Hot Springs.
Farther on we cross Dunlap Creek and Jerry's Run Fill, 220 ft.
high and said to be the highest railway-embankment in the world.
Both before and after (468 M.) Alleghany (2500 ft.), on the crest
of the Allegheny Mts., we thread a long tunnel. Coaches run hence
to (9 M.) Sweet Chalybeate Springs (Hotel, $ 2-2'/2) and (10 M.)
Sweet Springs (2000 ft.), one of the oldest and most popular of Vir¬
ginian resorts (water good for dyspepsia, dysentery, etc.). — The
line descends. We now enter West Virginia.
474 M. Greenbrier White Sulphur Springs (1980 ft.; * Grand
Central Hotel, $3V2 per day, $21 per week; The Greenbriar, from