DULUTH. 5l>. Route. 371
lumber in 1903. Its manufactures include flour, iron goods, beer, and
A great part of Duluth is well and substantially built. Among
the most prominent buildings are the Schools (especially the High
School), the Carnegie Library, the First National Bank, the Lyceum
Theatre, the Board of Trade, the Lonsdale, Torrey, Wolvin, and
Providence Buildings, St. Luke's Hospital, the warehouse of the
Marshall Wells Hardware Co., and the Patrick Dry Goods Co.
The "Boulevard Drive, on the terrace at the back of the town (an
old beach-line of Lake Superior), 4-500 ft. above the lake, affords
splendid views of the town and lake. Lester Park lies 6 M. to the
E. of the business centre.
From Duluth: to Tower and Ely, 117 M., Duluth it Iron Range R. R.
in 4'/2hrs. — This line runs to the N.E., along the shore ot Lake Superior,
to the iron-shipping port of (27 M.) Two Harbors (3278 inhab. in 1900),
and then strikes inland (N.W.), running through a district studded with
small lakes (shooting and fishing). — From (73 M.) Allen Junction a branch
line runs to (27 M.) Eveleth (2752 inhab.), in the Messabi Range (see below).
— 98 M. Tower (1366 inhab. in 1900), on Lake Vermilion, is the starting-
point of the route (stage and road) to the Rainy Lake Gold Fields (through-
fare from Duluth $ 10). — The railway turns to tlie E. and runs through
the Vermilion Range (see below) to (117 M.) Ely, a small mining-town with
(1900) 3717 inhabitants.
From Duluth to Mountain Iron and Hibbing, 84 M„ Duluth, Missabe,
it Northern Railway in 3V4-3V2 hrs. — This line runs towards the N. — 31 M.
Columbia Junction, for Stony Brook; 66 M. Iron Junction, for lines to Eveleth
(see above), Biwabik, etc. — At (68 M.) Wolf the railway trifurcates, the arm
to the right going to (74 M.) Virginia, that in the middle to (75 M.) Moun¬
tain Iron, and that to the left to (84 M.) Hibbing (2481 inhab. in 1900), three
mining camps in the Messabi Range (see below).
The two railways just described give access to the important mining
district of the Messabi and Vermilion Ranges, which in 1903 produced
14'/2 million tons of high-grade iron ore (red hematite). In the same year
the Lake Superior Iron Region, which includes the Marquette, Gogebic,
and Menominee districts (comp. below and p. 372), produced 24,300,600 tons
of iron. Lake Superior ore is said to excel even the best Swedish ores
in purity, ease of working, and high content of metallic iron.
53. From Duluth to Sault-Ste-Marie.
a. By Railway.
416 M. Duluth, South Shore, & Atlantic Railway in 15'/2brs. ('North
Country Mail'; fare $12; sleeper $2.50).
Duluth, see p. 370. We cross a drawbridge, with St. Louis Bay,
into which the St. Louis flows, to the right, and Duluth Harbour to
the left, and enter Wisconsin (p. 358). 5 M. West Superior, with grain
elevators (one, the largest in the world, holding 6,000,000 bushels)
and ship-building yards, including those of the famous 'whale-
back' steel ships; 9 M. Superior (31,080 inhab. in 1900, incl. W.
Superior), with a large trade in flour, timber, and coal. Our line
runs to the E., a little to the S. of Lake Superior (p. 373).
50 M. Iron River. — 72 M. Bibon (965 ft.) is the junction of a line