to Chicago. CHAUTAUQUA. 47. Route. 345
'Lake Chautauqua (1290 ft. above the sea; 720 ft. above Lake Erie),
IS M. loug and 2 M. wide, is only 8 M. from Lake Erie but empties its
waters into the Atlantic through the Conewango, Allegheny, Ohio, aud
Mississippi. It is surrounded by low hills. Steamers ply regularly from
Jamestown and Lakewood to Mayville (p. 300), Chautauqua (see below), and
Point Chautauqua (Grand Hotel, $ 3-31/2).
Chautauqua (Hotel Athenaeum, 500 beds, $272-4; numerous small hotels
and boarding-houses), a pretty little place on the W. bank of the lake, is
famous as the summer meeting-place (July & Aug.) of the Chautauqua
Assembly, a huge system of popular education, including home-reading
circles aud correspondence classes, which has spread all over the United
States since its foundation by Bishop Vincent, and Lewis Miller in 1878.
It has had about 20J,000 members. The National Home Reading Union of
England has been founded on the same model. The public buildings of
Chautauqua include assembly-halls, lecture-rooms, club-houses, a museum,
a gymnasium, and a model of Palestine, 300 ft. long. The Summer School
has classes in language, literature, science, art, and music, taught by up¬
wards of 50 instructors from various American colleges and universities.
The usual summer-recreations, such as boating, battling, fishing, golf,
and tennis, may all be enjoyed here. A so-called 'Citizen Tax' is levied
on all frequenters of the Chautauqua Summer Assembly (above twelve
years of age): 40c. per day, $ 17a per week, $5 per season. The tuition
fees are $ 5 for one department, $10 for two or more. The official address
of the Assembly is Chautauqua, N. Y. — The Jamestown & Lake Erie R. R.
runs from Jamestown to Chautauqua and Mayville (comp. p. 300).
About 15M. beyond Jamestown we enter Pennsylvania. Beyond
(474 M.) Corn/ (1430 ft.; p. 287) we descend the valley of French
Creek. — 503 M. Cambridge Springs (1300 ft.; Hotel Rider, $ 21/2-5;
Riverside, $2-3; Cambridge, $2-2V2i Kelly, $2), an attractive
health-resort with chalybeate and other medicinal springs, effi¬
cacious in dyspepsia, rheumatism, gout, and nervous prostration.
Pleasant drives and walks may be taken in tbe neighbourhood, and
there is a golf-course. — 516 M. Meadville (1080 ft.; 10,290 in¬
hab.) is the junction of a line to (36 M.) Oil City (p. 299). Near
(559 M.) Sharon we enter Ohio. 672 M. Youngstown, the junction
of a line to Pittsburg (p. 295); 589 M. Leavittsburg (890 ft.), the
junction of a line to (49 M.) Cleveland (p. 330); 610 M. Ravenna,
an agricultural and industrial town, with 4000 inhab.; 627 M. Akron
(1005 ft.), a flour and woollen making city of 42,728 inhabitants.
At (693 M.) Mansfield (1155 ft.; see p. 326) we intersect the Penn¬
sylvania and B. & O. railroads. 729 M. Marion (960 ft.) is the junc¬
tion for (84 M.) Dayton (p. 383) and (143 M.) Cincinnati (p. 384).
825 M. Decatur; 856 M. Huntington; 913 M. Monterey; 978 M.
Hammond; 992 M. Englewood; 994 M. 47th Street (Chicago).
998 M. Chicago (Dearborn Station), see next page.
g. Via Baltimore and Washington.
1048 M. Baltimore & Ohio Railroad in 31 hrs. (fare $ 18; sleeper $ 5).
The Vestibule Limited Train (no extra fare) leaves New York at 12.55 p.m.
and arrives in Chicago at 7 p.m. on the following day.
From New York to (90 M.) Philadelphia, see R.31b; from Phila¬
delphia to (186M.) Baltimore, see R.40; from Baltimore to (226M.)
Washington, see It. 42; from Washington to (1.048 M.) Chicago
(Grand Central Station), see 1!. 15.