342 Route 46. LAKE MICHIGAN.
to go on at once take the steamer 'Manitou', which makes close con¬
nection with the Buffalo boats; but there are several other steamers
plying regularly between Mackinac Island and Chicago.
The steamer on which we have been travelling hitherto (with the ex¬
ception of the 'North Land') goes on through the beautiful St. Mary's River
(65 M. long), connecting Lakes Huron and Superior, to (695 M.) Sault-
Ste-Marie (p. 374). Thence it traverses Lake Superior to (1065 M.; 3-5 days
from Buffalo according to steamer) Duluth (p. 371) as described in the
reverse direction in R. 53b.
The Chicago steamer passes through the Straits of Mackinac
(p. 338), and enters Lake Michigan (590 ft. above the sea), the
largest lake within the United States (360 M. long, 108 M. wide;
greatest depth 900 ft.). Some of the steamers call en route at —
360 M. (980 M. from Buffalo) Milwaukee (see p. 359), about
16 hrs. from Mackinac, but the 'Manitou' (comp. p. 340) goes direct
to Chicago. — 450 M. (1070 M.) Chicago (see p. 346).
47. From New York to Chicago.
a. Via Philadelphia and Pittsburg.
912M. Pennsylvania Railroad in 23-33 hrs. (fare $24.25; continuous
passage $20; sleeper $5). To the W. of Pittsburg we may go either via
Crestline and Fort Wayne or via Columbus and Logansport (see R 44).
The Pennsylvania Limited Train on this route (fare $ 29, incl. sleeper),
starting from New York at 10.25 a.m. and reaching Chicago at 8.25 a.m. (central
time) next day, consists entirely of Pullman vestibuled cars and offers
every imaginable comfort to the traveller. It is provided with a dining-car,
a library, a smoking and outlook car, a barber's shop, a bath, a ladies'
maid, and a stenographer. Through-cars on the other trains also.
From New York to (90 M.) Philadelphia, see R. 31; from
Philadelphia to (444 M.) Pittsburg, see R. 37; from Pittsburg to
(912 M.) Chicago (Canal St. Station), see R. 44. The most beautiful
part of the route is that between Philadelphia and Pittsburg, most
of which is traversed by the Limited Train by daylight.
b. Via. Buffalo and Detroit.
There are various combinations by which this route can be effected.
Through-carriages are run on the following: —
(a.) 976 M. New York Central and Hudson River R. R. to (440 M.)
Buffalo and Michigan Central R. R. thence to (976 M.) Chicago in 24-32 hrs.
(fare $20, sleeper $5).
(b.) 954 M. West Shore Railroad to (429 M.) Buffalo and Wabash
R. R. thence to (954 M.) Chicago in 2772-35 hrs. (fare $18; sleeper $5;
reclining chair cars free). Between Suspension Bridge and Windsor (p. 313) the
line is operated jointly by the Grand Trunk and Wabash Railroads.
(a.) From New York to (440 M.) Buffalo, seeR.28a; from Buffalo
to (976 M.) Chicago (Illinois Central Station), see R. 46 c. This line
affords a good view of Niagara Falls (see p. 334).
(b.) From New York to (429 M.) Buffalo, see R. 28b. From
Buffalo to (454 M.) Suspension Bridge the Wabash route coincides
with the Erie line as described in R. 28d. Beyond Suspension
Bridge it is parallel with R. 46 c. passing (472 M.) Welland, (500M.)
Canfield Junction, (529 M.) Simcoe, (551 M.) Tilsonburg, (576 M.)