to Chicago. LAKE ERIE. 46. Route. 341
Island, Sault-Ste-Marie, Marquette, Houghton, and Hancock. At Sault Ste.
Marie they connect with steamers for Milwaukee and (1 day) Chicago (through-
fare from Buffalo $24.20, incl. meals and berth). If the steamer'Manitou'
is taken at Mackinac Island the through-fare is $22, not including meals
or berths between Mackinac and Chicago.
Even if he has not time for the whole voyage, the traveller who is
wearied of railway-travelling may be glad to make part at least of the distance
by water. Stop-over checks are given by the Purser to first-class passengers
on application. Warm wraps should be taken even in midsummer.
Some idea of tbe commerce carried on by the Great Lakes may be
gathered from the fact that they are regularly traversed by a fleet of 50C0
vessels of ll/2-2 million tons' burden and manned by 40,000 men (all this ex¬
clusive of fishing-smacks, etc.). New vessels are built annually with a
burden of about 120,000 tons. Comp. pp. 331, 336.
Buffalo, see p. 239. The steamer plies to the W. through Lake
Erie, a description of which has been given at p. 240. The following
are the points usually called at by the steamers of the Anchor Line,
and ample time to go ashore is generally allowed (consult the cap¬
tain). [The vessels of tbe Northern S.S. Co. touch at Cleveland and
Detroit only before reaching Mackinac]
80 M. Erie, see p. 331. The picturesque harbour is protected by
Presque Isle. Hither Commodore Perry brought his prizes after defeat¬
ing the English fleet in 1813. — Beyond Erie the steamer runs
near the well-wooded shore, passing Ashtabula (p. 330).
175 M. Cleveland (p. 331), one of the most beautiful cities
on the great lakes, is seen to advantage from the steamer. The
Garfield Memorial (p. 332) is conspicuous as we approach. Several
hours aTe usually spent here. — Then the coast becomes more
picturesque. Sandusky (p. 333) is the chief place passed before
we leave Lake Erie. The *Put-in-Bay Islands, near the mouth of
the Detroit, are a favourite summer-resort (several hotels).
Detroit River, which we ascend on leaving Lake Erie, is 25 M.
long and varies in width from 4 M. at its mouth to i/2 M. opposite
Detroit. It generally presents a very animated scene (comp. p. 335).
285 M. Detroit, see p. 335.
We now pass Belle Isle (p. 337) by the Canadian channel and soon
enter Lake St. Clair (530 ft.), a shallow lake, 25 M. in diameter
and about 20 ft. deep. The intricate navigation of the shallow
upper end is avoided by a canal ll/2 M. long. The lake is connect¬
ed with Lake Huron by the St. Clair River, a strait 40 M. long.
355 M. Port Huron, see p. 340. Opposite, on the Canadian
shore, lies Sarnia (p. 340). We pass above the tunnel mentioned
at p. 340. Between Fort Gratiot and Fort Edward, just above Port
Huron, the strait narrows to 330 yds.
Lake Huron, which we now enter, is 250 M. long, 50-200 M.
wide, 23,800 sq. M. in area, 580ft. above the sea, and 300-1700 ft.
deep. It contains about 3000 islands, and is often visited by violent
storms. The steamer makes no stop before reaching —
620 M. Mackinac Island (p. 338), where passengers for Chicago
often have to change steamers (hotels, see p. 338). Those who wish