Cave of Winds. NIAGARA FALLS. 29. Route. 251
dined Railway (5 c.) and a Flight of Steps descend to the bottom of
the gorge and the dock of the 'Maid of the Mist' (see p. 252).
Following the parkway to the left (W.) from Prospect Point, we
reach (3 min.) the Goat Island Bridge (360 ft. long), crossing the
right arm of the river, a little above the American Fall. It commands
a fine view of the * Upper Rapids. To the right are several little
rocky islets, including Avery's Rock, where an unfortunate man found
foothold for 18 hrs. before being swept over the fall by the impact
of a boat let out with ropes in an attempt to save him. The bridge
ends at Green Island, whence another short bridge crosses to *Goat
Island (80 acres in extent). Here we follow the path to the right
to (4 min.) *Luna Island, a rocky islet between the main American
Fall and the ^Centre Fall, named from the lunar rainbows seen here
at full moon. The continuation of the path along the W. side of
Goat Island leads in a minute or two more to the Biddle Stairs (free)
and the office where a guide and dress are obtained for a descent to
the *Cave of the Winds (fee $ 1; small gratuities expected).
Everyone should descend the stairs and follow the path along the
foot of the cliffs towards the base of the Centre Fall but only those
of good nerves should attempt the trip through the Cave of the Winds,
which, however, is quite safe and is often made by ladies. For those
who can stand it the experience is of the most exciting and pleasurable de¬
scription. After passing over the gangways and bridges amid the rocks
and spray in front of the Centre Fall, we are conducted through the
'Cave of the Winds' behind it, where the choking, blinding, and deafen¬
ing tumult of wind and water defies description. The visitors grasp each
other by the hand and sidle through on a narrow ledge, with a perpen¬
dicular wall of rock within an inch of their noses and the mighty volume
of the fall at their backs.
Beyond the Biddle Stairs the path on Goat Island leads to
(4 min.) Porter's Bluff, overlooking the Horseshoe Fall, the Cana¬
dian Rapids, and the ravine below the Falls. A staircase and bridge
descend hence to **Terrapin Rock, on the edge of the Horseshoe
Falls, affording the best view of these from this side. The tower
which used to be here has been removed as unsafe.
'The river here is evidently much deeper than the American branch,
and instead of bursting into foam where it quits the ledge, it bends sol¬
idly over and falls in a continuous layer of the most vivid green. The
tint is not uniform, but varied, long strips of deeper hue alternating with
hands of brighter colour . . . From all this it is evident that beauty
is not absent from the Horseshoe Fall, but majesty is its chief attribute.
The plunge of the water is not wild, but deliberate, vast, and fascinating'
(Tyndall). — A condemned warship sent over the Fall in 1829 drew 18 ft.
of water, but passed without touching the ledge.
Our path next leads along the S. side of Goat Island to (7-8 min.)
the series of bridges leading to the *Three Sister Islands, which
afford the best view of the imposing ^Canadian Rapids, running
at the rate of 30 M. an hour. The Third Sister is adjoined by a
smaller rock known as the Little Brother.
We may now return through the centre of Goat Island to (5 min.)
the bridge leading to the mainland, but those who have time should
follow the path to (4 min.) the 'Parting of the Waters' at the head