to Niagara Falls. PORT JERVIS. 28. Route. 245
Elmira Reformatory has played an important part in the reformatory
treatment of criminals.
Railways radiate hence to Watkins Glen (p. 237) and Rochester (p. 233),
to Ithaca (p. 236) and Canastota (p. 234), to Harrisburg (p. 288) and Phila¬
delphia (p. 259), and through the Lehigh Valley (p. 282).
282 M. Corning (930 ft.; Dickinson Ho., $2), with 11,061 in¬
hab., is the junction of lines to Rochester (p. 238) and Williamsport
(p. 284). At (326 M.) Wayland (1360 ft.) we part company with
the Erie line, which here turns to the N. 334 M. Dansville (1040 ft.;
Jackson Sanitarium, $ 3l/2-5); 365 M. Rochester <$■ Pittsburg Junction,
for lines to the N. to Rochester and to the S. to Pittsburg.
410 M. Buffalo, see p. 239.
From Buffalo to Niagara Falls, see p. 242 or p. 217.
d. Via Erie Railroad.
445 M. Erie R. R. to (425 M.) Buffalo in 11-12V2 hrs. (fare $ 8; parlor-car
or sleeper $2); to (445 M.) Suspension Bridge in 12-15 hrs. (fares as above).
The train starts from Jersey City (comp. p. 8; ferries from 23rd St.
and Chambers St.). — This line, constructed in 1836-52, passes some fine
scenery in penetrating the Allegheny Mts.
Jersey City, see p. 67. The train threads the Bergen Tunnel
(p. 243) and traverses the Salt Marshes of the Hackensack.
These extensive marshes are covered with reeds and sedge grass,
growing in soft mud, which is sometimes 40 ft. deep. They are over¬
flowed at high tide.
Beyond (10 M.) Rutherford we cross the Passaic. 13 M. Passaic
(p. 243); 17 M. Paterson (p. 243). At (32 M.) Suffern (300 ft.)
we enter New York State (p. 244). — 34 M. Ramapo, in the pictur¬
esque valley of that name. — 39 M. Tuxedo.
About IV2 M. to the W. is Tuxedo Lake, the property of the Tuxedo
Park Association, a club of wealthy New Yorkers, who have made this
one of the most fashionable pleasure-resorts and game-preserves in the
country. On the shores of the lake are the club-house and the cottages
of members. A good golf-course has been laid out.
48 M. Turner's (558 ft., Rail. Restaurant) is the junction of a
line to Newburgh (p. 195). — 50 M. Monroe (Monroe Hotel, $2).
About 10 M. to the S. lies ^Greenwood Lake (625 ft.), a favourite
resort of hunters and fishermen, 9 M. long and 1 M. wide, also reached
by a direct railway from Jersey City. The chief hotels are the Brandon
House ($2'/2-3), in Greenwood Lake Village, the Windermere ($2'/2-3), and
Waterstone Cottage, all at the N. end of the lake, and the Ferncliff and Lake¬
side Hotels ($ 3), on the W. bank. The lake is surrounded by well-wooded
hills, attaining a height of 1500 ft.
60 M. Goshen, junction of a line to Kingston and Rondout
(p. 195); 68M. Middletown(560ft.; Madison Ho., $2), with 14,500
inhab., junction of the New York, Ontario, & Western R. R. to Oswego
(comp. R. 47 e). Beyond (71 M.) Howells the line ascends the
Shawangunk Range, and the scenery improves. Beyond (76 M.)
Otisville the train reaches the summit (870 ft.) by a long rocky
cutting and begins to descend rapidly into the valley of the Delaware.
89 M. Port Jervis (440 ft.; Fowler Ho., from $ 2; Delaware Hr.,