236 Route 28. ITHACA. From New York
the golden plates of the Mormon Bible (p. 540). Large crops of
peppermint are raised here.
371 M. Rochester, see p. 238.
b. From Syracuse to Rochester via Canandaigua ('Auburn
Road'). We cross the Erie Canal and run to the S. of W. From
(308 M.) Skaneateles Junction (610ft.) a branch-line runs to (5M.)
Skane&teles (five syllables), situated on *Lake Skaneateles (860 ft.),
a pretty sheet of water, 15 M. long and 7VIV2 M. wide, traversed
by a small steamboat. At the head of the lake is the Glen Haven
Sanitarium. — 317 M. Auburn (715 ft.; Osborn Ho., $2-3; Avery,
$2-272), a manufacturing city of 30,345 inhab., situated on the
outlet of Owasco Lake (11 M. X 1 M.), which lies 3 M. to the S.
The Auburn State Prison, with accommodation for 1200 convicts, is
well known for its 'silent system' of discipline. W. H. Seward
(1801-72), Secretary of State during the Civil War, long lived here
and is buried in Fort Hill Cemetery, which is supposed tooccupy an
eminence raised by the Mound Builders (p. lxvi). Auburn is thejunc-
tionof lines to Ithaca (see below), to (33 M.)Freeville (see below), etc.
From Adbden to Ithaca, 43 M., Lehigh Valley Railroad in O/2 hr. —
From (7 M.) Cayuga Junction a short branch-line runs to (4M.) Cayuga
(p. 237). Our line now runs along the E. bank of "Cayuga Lake (390 ft.),
a charming sheet of water 38 M. long and 1-4 M. wide, enclosed by hills
rising 600-700 ft. above the water-level, and affording good fishing, boating,
and bathing. Steamers ply upon the lake. — 10 M. Union Springs; 17 M.
Aurora, the seat of the Wells College for Women (100 students).
43 M. Ithaca (400 ft.; Ithaca Hotel, from$272; Clinton House, $2-3), a
flourishing city with 13,136 inhab., lies amid picturesque scenery at the
head of Cayuga Lake and is best known as the seat of "Cornell Universitt
(President, Dr. J. G. Schurman), one of the leading colleges of America
(co-educational; 400 teachers, 3430 ftudents). The university is munificently
endowed, and its buildings, splendidly situated 400 ft. above the lake
("View), are handsome and capacious. It owes its foundation to the bounty
of New York State, the National Government, and Ezra Cornell (1807-74), whose
large house stands on the slope between the Campus and the town. Besides
the usual academic and professional branches, the educational course in¬
cludes agriculture, the mechanic arts, veterinary surgery, and military
tactics. For the medical department, see p. 50. The library contains
275,000 vols., and the campus covers 200 acres. The Museum of Mechanical
Engineering contains portraits of eminent engineers. The Hydraulic Labor¬
atory on Fall Creek (see below) is very interesting. — Visitors should make
the "Loop Ride' on the electric car line, which takes in the University
Campus, Cornell Heights (with view of the lake, gorge, and waterfall), and
Renwick Beach (fare 5c). The romantic gorges near Ithaca contain, per¬
haps, a greater number of pretty waterfalls and cascades than can be found
in any equal area elsewhere. Fall Creek, in Ithaca Gorge, forms eight
waterfalls within 1 M., one of which, the Ithaca Fall, is 120 ft. high. The
Cascadilla Creek, a little to the S., also forms several cascades. The finest
waterfall, however, near the head of Cayuga Lake is the "Taughanic Fall,
which is about 9 M. to the N. of Ithaca and I'^M. to the W. of the lake.
The stream here forms a ravine, with rocky sides 200-400 ft. high, and
plunges perpendicularly over a table-rock to a depth of 215 ft., presenting
the highest waterfall E. of the Rockies (50 ft. higher than Niagara). There
is a hotel near the fall, and it may be reached by road, railway, or water.
From Ithaca a branch of the Lehigh Valley R. R. runs to (9 M.; 72 br.)
Freeville, the seat ef the George Junior Republic, established by Mr. William
R. George in 1895. This is a miniature republic, modelled on the govern-