2'62 Route 28. SCHENECTADY. From New York
In 1814 Cumberland Bay was the scene of the Battle of Plattsburg,
in which Commodore Macdonough defeated the British fleet under Com¬
modore Downie. At the same time Gen. Macomb, in command of the
land-forces, repelled Sir George Prevost's attempt to capture Plattsburg.
Plattsburg is the terminus of the Lake Champlain Transportation
Co.'s steamer from Fort Ticonderoga, but the Westport steamer (comp.
p. 230) ascends to St. Alban's Bay, touching at various landings on
the islands. The fishing at this end of the lake is excellent, and
accommodation may be had at various small hotels, farm-houses,
and camps (comp. p. 150).
28. From New York to Buffalo and Niagara Falls.
a. Via New York Central and Hudson River Railroad.
462 M. Railway to (440 M.) Buffalo in 81/4-141/! brs. (fare $ 9.25; sleeper
S2; parlor-car $2); to (462 M.; 446 M. by direct route, see p. 238) Niagara
Falls in 9-1572 hrs. (fares the same). Seats to the left. The 'Empire State
Express', leaving New York at 8.30 a.m., runs at the rate of over 50 M. an
hour, including stops.
From New York to (143 M.) Albany, seepp. 191-196. The train now
turns to the left (W.) and leaves the Hudson. 146 M. West Albany.
160M. Schenectady (245ft.; Edison, $2-4; Vendome, $2-272),
a quaint old town of Dutch foundation, situated on the right bank
of the Mohawk, with various manufactories and a trade in broom-
corn, hops, and butter. Pop. (1900) 31,682. It was the scene of
two horrible massacres in the Colonial wars. Union College (1795)
stands to the E. of the city. At Schenectady we intersect the Del.
& Hudson R. R. (N. to Saratoga, S. to Binghamton; comp. p. 242).
The train now crosses the river and the Erie Canal (Union Col¬
lege to the right) and ascends the smiling pastoral * Valley of the
Mohawk, formerly the stamping-ground of the Indian tribe of that
name (see p. 233; comp. 'The Mohawk Valley', by W. Max Reid).
Evidences of rustic comfort and fertility abound on every side. The
Catskills are visible in the distance to the S., and the outliers of the
Adirondacks appear to the N. Broom-corn is one of the characteristic
crops, the brooms being made mainly by the Shakers, who have
several settlements in the lower valley.
176 M. Amsterdam (280 ft.), an industrial city of 20,929 in¬
habitants. To the left we see the shrine at Auriesville (p. 242),
marking the spot where the Jesuit missionary Jogues (p. 228) was
killed in 1646 (fine view). 182 M. Tribes Hill, an old meeting-
place of the Indians. — From (187 M.) Fonda a branch runs to
(26 M.) Northville.
Johnstown (Kolaneka, $2), on this railway, 3 M. to the N., was the
residence of Sir William Johnson (d. 1774; comp. p. 225), one of the pioneers
of the valley, who acquired great influence with the Mohawks and was
made one of their sachems. He was created a baronet for his victory at
Lake George (see p. 184), and received a large grant of land here for his
subsequent services. He was the father of 100 children by his Indian and
white mistresses, one of whom was a sister of the famous Mohawk chief,
Joseph Brant. His strong stone mansion still stands.