The following table of the distances from New York of a few impor¬
tant points, together with the present railway fares and approximate
duration of the journey, may not be without interest. The fares are for
first-class, 'limited' tickets, but do not include sleeping-car rates.
San Francisco: distance 3300-3500 M.-. fare $ 69-92; time of transit 4'/2"
51/2 days — Chicago: 912-1043 M.; 3 17-20; 24-36 hrs. — New Orleans:
1370 M.; $31-34; 40-46 hrs. — Jacksonville (Florida): 99--1014 M.; $26-29;
25-K6 hrs. — Cincinnati: 760M.; $ 15-18; 22-26hrs. — St.Louis: 106J-1170M.;
$ 21-27; 30-3) hrs. — -Si. Paul: 133JM.; $ 28-32; 37 hrs. — Denver: 1940-
2130M.; $ 46-49; 2' /4-3 days. — KansasCily: 1335-1510M.; $ 29-32; 40-48 hrs-.
— Montreal: 3!-0-450M.; $ 10.65; 13-15 hrs. — Philadelphia: 90 M.; $2'/*;
2-21/2 hrs. — Washington: 228 M.; $672; 5-6V2 hrs. — Boston: 215-230 M.;
$5; 5-6 hrs. — Richmond: 345 M.; $ 8-10; 101|2-12 hrs. — Salt Lake City:
2475-2850 M.; $58-62; 3-4 days. — Los Angeles: 3150-3750 M.; $79-92;
4V2-5>/2 days. — Niagara Falls: 460 M.; $8-9'/4; 9-12 hrs.
Excursion Agents. Travellers may sometimes find it advantageous
to avail themselves of the facilities for tours in the United States offered by
the Raymond <fc Whitcomb Co. (308 Washington St., Boston, and 25 Union Sq.,
New York) and Thomas Cook <£ Son (261 and 1225 Broadway, New York).
These firms have agencies in all the most frequented resorts throughout
the country. The Raymond & Whitcomb Co. arranges for a large series
of excursions in special vestibuled trains, under the care of one of its
representatives, which relieves the inexperienced traveller of almost all
the inconveniences of a journey in a strange land. The arrangements are
made so as to afford the widest possible freedom of movement in every
way, and the charges are reasonable. For the Raymond trip into Mexico,
see p. 608. — Most of the railway-companies issue tickets for circular tours
on favourable conditions, and some of them (such as the Pennsylvania R.R.
and the Burlington Route) also arrange personally conducted excursions in
The Pedestrian is unquestionably the most independent of travellers,
but, except in a few districts such as the Adirondacks (p. 209) and the
White Mts. (p. 153), walking tours are not much in vogue in the United
States, where, indeed, the extremes of temperature aid the scarcity of
well-marked footpaths often offer considerable obstacles. For a short
tour a couple of flannel shirts, a pair of worsted stockings, slippers, the
articles of the toilet, a light waterproof, and a stout umbrella will gen¬
erally be found a sufficient equipment. Strong and well-tried boots are
essential to comfort. Heavy and complicated knapsacks should be avoided;
a light pouch or game-bag is far less irksome, and its position may be
shifted at pleasure. A more extensive reserve of clothing should not
exceed the limits of a small portmanteau, which may be forwarded from
town to town by express.
V. Hotels and Kestaurants.
Hotels. The quality of the hotels of the United States (said to be
44,000 in number) varies very greatly in different localities; but it
is, perhaps, safe to say that the best American houses will be found
fully as comfortable as the first-class hotels of Europe by all who
can accommodate themselves to the manners of the country and do
not demand everything precisely as they have been used to it at
home. The luxury of some of the leading American hotels is, indeed,
seldom paralleled in Europe. The charges are little, if at all, higher
than those of the best European houses; but the comforts often
afforded by the smaller and less pretentious inns of the old country
can seldom be looked for from American houses of the second or third
class, and the traveller who wishes to economize will find boarding-