cannot be guaranteed. — At the larger railway-stations the place of the first,
second, and third class waiting-rooms of Europe is taken by a Ladies'
Room, to which men are also generally admitted if not smoking, and a
Men's Room, in which smoking is often permitted.
Among the American Railway Terms with which the traveller should
be familiar (in addition to those already incidentally mentioned) are
the following. Railroad is generally used instead of railway (the latter
term being more often applied to street-railways, i.e. tramways), while
Ihe word 'Road' alone is often used to mean railroad. The carriages
are called Cars. The Conductor is aided by Trainmen or Brakemen, whose
duties include attention to the heating and lighting of the cars. A slow
train is called an Accommodation or Way Train. The Ticket Office is never
called booking-office. Coupon Tickets are tickets for long journeys, usually
over the lints of different corporations, consisting of two or more detachable
coupons for the intermediate stages. Luggage is Baggage, and is expedited
through the Baggage Master (see below). Depot is very commonly used
instead of station, and in many places the latter word, when used alone,
means police-station. A season-ticket holder is known as a Commuter. Other
terms in common use are: turn-out = siding; bumper = buffer; box-car =
closed goods car; freight-train = goods train; caboose = guard's van (of
goods train); cars = train; to pull out = to start; way station = small,
wayside station; cow-catcher = fender in front of engine; switch = shunt;
switches = points.
The railway-system of the United States is so vast that it is imprac¬
ticable to produce such complete Railway Guides as those of European
countries. The fullest is The Official Guide of the Railways and Steam
Navigation Lines in the United States, Porto Rico, Canada, Mexico, and Cuba,
a bulky volume of 1100-1'^00 pp., published monthly at New York (75c).
The Traveller s Railway Guide, Eastern Section, and Western Sect on, issued
monthly at New York and Chicago (each 25 c ), are pocket editions of the
Official Guide. Local collections of time-tables are everywhere procurable,
and those of each railway-company may be obtained gratis at the ticket-
offices and in hotels. All the more important railway-companies publish
a mass of 'folders' and descriptive pamphlets, which are distributed gratis
and give a great deal of information about the country traversed. These
are often very skilfully prepared and well illustrated.
Luggage. Each passenger on an American railway is generally en¬
titled to 150 lbs. of luggage ('bagpage') free; but overweight, unless ex¬
orbitant, is not always charged for. The so-called Check System makes the
management of luggage very simple. On arrival at the station the trav¬
eller shows his railway - ticket and hands over his impedimenta to the
Baggage Master, who fastens a small numbered tag, made of brass or card¬
board, to each article and gives the passenger brass or cardboard 'checks'
with correspi*nding numbers. The railway-company then becomes respons¬
ible for the luggage and holds it until reclaimed at the passenger's
destination by the presentation of (he duplicate check. As the train ap¬
proaches the larger cities, a Transfer Agent usually walks through the
cars, undertaking the delivery of luggage and giving receipts in exchange.
for the checks. The charge for this is usually at least 25c. per package, aud
it is thus more economical (though a composition may sometimes be effected
for a number of articles) to have one large trunk instead of two or three
smaller ones. The hotel-porters who meet the train will also take the
traveller's checks and see that his baggage is delivered at the hotel. In
starting, the trunks may be sent to the railway-station in the same way,
either through a transfer agent or the hotel-porter; and if the traveller
already has his railway-ticket they may often be checked through from the
house or hotel to his destination, even though that be at the other side
of the continent, 30U0 M. away. Baggage, unaccompanied by its owner,
may be sent to any part of the country by the Express Companies (comp.
p. 18), which charge in proportion to weight and distance. The drawbacks
to the transfer system are that the baggage must usually he ready to be
called for before the traveller himself requires to start, and that sometimes
(especially in New York) a little delay may take place in its delivery;