502 Envir. of Borne. TÉRÉÀCtNA. 6. Volscian Mts.
We obtain a picturesque view on the left of the valley of the
Amaseno, with its heights crowned with ancient castles and vil-
lages : Roccagorga, Maenza, Prossedi, and Roccasecca. We then
cross the Amaseno.
64 M. Sonnino (56 ft.). The small town (1410 ft. ; 4518 inhab.),
3y2M. to the S.E., was formerly noted for the picturesque costume
of its women and for the audacity of the brigands.
About 1 M. to the N. of the station of Sonnino lies the Cistercian
convent of Fossanova, where St. Thomas Aquinas died in 1274 while
on his way to the Council of Lyons. The convent-church, erected in
1187-1208, with rectangular choir and an octagonal tower over the
crossing, is the earliest example of Italian Gothic (restored). The cloisters,
chapter-house, and refectory are interesting also. One of the rooms
contains a relief-portrait of St. Thomas Aquinas, by Bernini. From
Fossanova to Piperno (p. 501), 3V2 M.
69 M. Frasso. On the slope of Monte Leano (2220 ft.) once
lay the sacred grove and fountain of Feronia, mentioned by Horace
(Sat. I, 5, 23). The line here joins the ancient Via Appia.
76 M. Terracina. — Albergo Nazionale or Carlotta, in the
piazza, well spoken of, Alb. Reale, at the E. end of the town, with a
view of the sea at the back, R. li/4 fr., both with trattoria. — Caffè
Centrale, in the main street.
Terracina (7597 inhab.), situated conspicuously on a rocky
limestone eminence (Hor. Sat. I, 5,. 26), the Anxur of the ancient
Volscians and the Tarracina of the Romans, is the seat of an an¬
cient bishopric, and the naturai frontier-town between Central
and Southern Italy. The old town is built on the slope of the hill.
Above it extend the ruins of the ancient city, the most conspicuous
object being the remains of the tempie of Venus on the summit.
The high-road intersects the new quarter, constructed in the
18th cent, by Pope Pius VI. Opposite the church of San Salvatore
is the small Museo Municipale (adm. on application to the keeper,
Signor Pio Capponi). Adjoining the new quarter on the S.W. beyond
the Linea Pia Canal, is a hamlet of primitive and mostly conical
reed-huts, inhabited in winter by peasants from the Abruzzi ('Aqui¬
lani'), who then work in the fìelds here.
The Cattedrale San Cesareo, in the ancient Forum, occupies
the site of a Tempie ofRoma and Augustus, dedicated by A. Mmi-
lius, who also caused the forum to be laid with its present well-
preserted pavement. The inscription A. ^Emilius A. F. in large
letters is distinctly legible upon the travertine slabs. The vesti-
buie of the cathedral rests on ten ancient columns, with recumbent
lions and other animals at their bases. On the right is a large
granite basin, which, as the inscription records, played a part in
the martyrdom of Christians. In the interior are reniains of the
beautiful mosaic pavement of the 12th century. The fluted columns
of the canopy are antique. The pulpit, with its ancient mosaics,