496 Envir. of Borne. SEGNI.
6. Volscian Mts.
the sea. This district was anciently the chief seat of theVolsci, but
was at an early period subjugated by the Romans and Latinized. Its
towns, picturesquely rising on the slopes, stili bear many traces of the
republican epoch of Italy, which add great interest to the naturai at-
tractions of the scenery. This is a typical limestone-range, consisting
of a plateau with steep slopes towards the N.E. and N.W. ; there is
little water on the plateau itself, but there are several copious springs
at its foot. In the valley of the Sacco rise several small volcanic
Segni (see below) or Ninfa (p. 500) and Norma (p. 500) may be in¬
cluded in a single day's excursion from Rome ; but the following pian
is recommended to those who have more time at their disposai, lst day :
Take the morning express to Segni station (see below), thence by dili¬
gence to the town, and in the afternoon go on by rail via Velletri (p. 498)
to Cori (p. 498). 2nd day : Walk with guide or ride (the latter preferable
in rainy weather) to Norma (p. 500) and Ninfa (not advisable in summer ;
see p. 500), or by early train to Ninfa, and thence by footpath to Norma
and on by road to the station of Sermoneta-Bassiano (p. 500), whence
take the train to Terracina (p. 502). 3rd day: In the morning visit
Monte Circeo (p. 503 ; Semaforo), and return to Rome in the afternoon.
Those who proceed as far as the summit of Monte Circeo must pass the
night at San Felice.
Feom Rome to Segni. — 331/2 M. Railway (Rome and Naples
line) in l-l3/4 hr. (fares 6 fr. 30, 4 fr. 40, 2 fr. 85 e; express
6 fr. 90, 4 fr. 85 e). — From Rome to Palestrina, see p. 482. —
26Y2 M. Labìco, formerly Lugnano, the recent change of name
being due to an erroneous identification of the place with the an¬
cient Labici (p. 482). — 28V2M. Valmontone (994 ft.; Alb. Gari¬
baldi), a small town (4913 inhab.) with a handsome chàteau be¬
longing to the Doria-Pamphili, on an isolated volcanic cone, is the
starting-point of the diligence to Olevano (p. 484). Farther on the
line skirts the streamlet Sacco.
33y2 M. Segni-Paliano (669 ft.; buffet), where the line from
Velletri (p. 497) joins our line. Diligences ply from the station to
the town (fare 1 fr.) in connection with ali trains.
From the station we take about 2 hrs. to reach the (4V2 M.) town;
a diligence meets almost ali the trains (75 e). The road ascends, skirt-
ing the slopes of the mountains enclosing the valley of the Sacco ; to
the left, on a solitary hill below us, is the picturesque Gavignano (1294ft.),
the birthplace of Innocent III. The remains of the old walls of Segni
and the Porta Saracinesca are seen on the height above a lateral valley
to the left. Finally a winding road ascends to the modern town.
Segni (2190 ft.; Loc. Colaiacomo), the ancient Signia, said to
have been colonized by the Romans under Tarquinius Superbus,
lies on a mountain-slope (rising to a height of ca. 2300 ft.), in a
secure position, with fine views of the valley and the towns of the
Hernici. The present town (6942 inhab.) occupies the lower half
of the old site only.
Ascending through the streets, we reach above the town the
church of San Pietro, built over the centrai cella of an ancient
tempie, the walls of which consist of rectangular blocks of tufa,
with two courses of polygonal masses of limestone below. A cistern