494 Énvir. of Rome. ANZIO. 5- Sea Coast of Latìwm,.
Carriage with one horse to Nettuno for 1-3 pers. about 1 fr., single
place 25 e. — Omnibus 25 e.
Boats in the harbour, 1-3 pers. lVafr- per hr., each additional person
V2 fr. more. — Steamers of the Società Napoletana di Navigazione a
Vapore ply from Aprii 15th to Sept. 15th on Tues. and Frid. to the Ponza
Islands, Ischia, Procida, and (HVghrs.) Naples feomp. Baedeker's Southern
Anzio (46 ft.), a favourite resort of the Romans during the
bathing-season (June, July, and August), in spite of its liability to
fever, occupies the site of the ancient Antium. Pop. 3449.
Antium, the capital of the Volsci, and a prosperous seaport at an
early period, the place where Coriolanus sought refuge when banished
from Rome in 490 B.C. and where he died after sparing Rome at the
intercession of his mother, was compelled in 468 to succumb to the
Romans. In 338, when ali the Latins were conquered, Antium received
a Roman colony, and was thus permanentlv united with Rome. Extensive
villas were erected here towards the end of the republic. Cicero pos-
sessed an estate at Antium, the tranquillity and charms of which he
highly extols (Att. iv. 8). Caligula and Nero were born here ; the latter
constructed an artificial harbour (see below). Though at a later period
Antium seems to have been surpassed in popularity by Baiae and the
places on the bay of Naples, the tempie of Fortune, mentioned by Horace
(Carm. 1, 35), where oracular responses were given, existed until the
latest era of paganism. The place was entirely deserted in the middle
ages, but in the 16th cent, it began to be rebuilt. The present town
dates almost wholly from the period after the restoration of the harbour
by Innocent XII (1698).
The station lies dose to the Piazza, and a few paces from the
small harbour, which, as it opens to the S., is in continuai danger
of being sanded up. The remains of an ancient pier may be seen op¬
posite, ini the direction of Nettuno, near the bathing-establishment.
Nero's harbour lay to the W- of the present one; it was about 150
acres in area and was protected by a jetty of which traces are stili
visible above the water.