5. Sea Coast of Latiwm. ANZIO. Envir. of Borne. 493
named Palazzo Imperiale), with columns of cipollinno. Within
were extensive Thermae, fine mosaics (now in the Vatican), and a
The return from Ostia to Rome may be made direct by the highroad,
the ancient Via Ostiensis (13 M. ; diligence in 2V2 hrs., fare 1 fr. 50 e).
The road is carried by an embankment across the former Stagno di
Ostia, a marsh that has been drained and brought under cultivation
(Bonifica di Ostia). Salt has been yielded here ever since the period
of the kings. About li/4 M. from Ostia is the Colonia Bavennate, an
agricultural co-operative colony. The road then runs through a growth of
underwood (Macchia di Ostia) and crosses the hills of Decima to the
(5V2 M.) Osteria di Malafede, where a road diverges to the right to Tor
Paterno (see below). Thence it continues not far from the Tiber, pass¬
ing the Osteria di Mezzocammino and the Osteria Tor di Valle, to the
Osteria del Ponticello, where it joins the Via Laurentina. Continuation
of the road to Rome, see pp. 448-45.
A new road leads through the village to the sea. Another road,
devoid of shade, turning to the right on the N.E. side of the village,
leads from Ostia to (ca. 2 M.) Castel Fusano, in the midst of a
beautiful pine-forest. The castle was erected by the Marchese
Sacchetti in the 16th cent., and fortified against pirates, and is
now the property of the Chigi, who leased it in 1888 to the royal
family (adm. on Sun. & Thurs., with permesso as for the Quirinal,
p. 173). A pleasant road, with an ancient pavement of basalt, leads
hence to the sea, l1/^^- distant.
From Castel Fusano Tor Paterno, a farm near the ancient Lau-
rentum, 6 M. Thence we may follow the road via (5 M.) Castel Porziano,
a royal hunting-lodge on the site of the ancient Vicus Augustanus, to
(41/2 M.) the Osteria di Malafede (see above), or walk, with guide, to
(4J/2 M.) Prattica di Mare (290 ft.), an insignificant village on the site
of the ancient Lavinium, with a baronial palace of the Borghese.
About 6 M. from Prattica, 7V2 M. from Carroceto (see below), and
11 M. from Albano lies Ardea (121 ft.), the ancient capital of the Rutuli,
one of the few towns of Latium which even in the time of the Roman
emperors were avoided on account of the malaria. Early deserted for
this reason, Ardea has preserved, especially in its fortifìcations, a more
antique appearance than any other Latin town. The modern village oc¬
cupies the site of the old citadel, on a hill with artifìcially precipitous
sides. There are remains of massive walls of different periods at various
places ; on the E. are two well-preserved ramparts with trenches, several
hundred yards long, like the wall of Servius at Rome.
Railway to (36V2 M.) Anzio in l3/4-2 hrs. (fares 6 fr. 85, 4 fr. 80,
3 fr. 10 e, return 10 fr. 10, 7 fr. 10, 4 fr. 55 e). Stations: 8x/2 M.
Ciampino (p. 482). — 15 M. Pavona. — 18 M. Cecchina (p. 497).
— 26 M. Carroceto. Ardea (see above) lies 71/2M. to the W. —
36V2 M. Anzio. — 38V2 M. Nettuno.
Anzio. — Hotels (comp. p. xviii; charges should be agreed upon
beforehand). Grand-Hotel (a on the Pian), near the station, with restaur¬
ant, 60 R. at 31/2, B. 1, déj. 3, D. 4i/2 (at both wine extra), pens. 9 fr..
open 1 st March-30th Sept. ; Alb. Vittoria, variously judged. — Several
Trattorie. — Private Apartments in the season at many of the villas,