2. Alban Mts. MONTE CAVO. Envir. of Borne. 469
only of the ancient foundations is preserved on the S.E. side of the
garden-wall. Unpretending inn, with view-tower. The view em-
braces the sea, the coast from Terracina to Civita Vecchia, the
Volscian and Sabine Mts., Rome and the Campagna, and below the
spectator the beautiful Alban Mts. The distant view, generally ob-
scured by mist, is seen to the best advantage immediately before
sunrise, after sunset, or when a passing shower has cleared the
From Monte Cavo to Nemi, about IV2 hr. (guide from Rocca di Papa,
l-li/2fr., convenient though not necessary if the following directions be
carefully observed). A steep and stony footpath descends from the S.E.
angle or the top, and in 8-10 min. joins an easy path from the Campo
di Annibale, which we follow to the right. Fine view of the Lago di
Nemi and the sea. About 25 min. farther on a path diverges to the left
and another to the right, but our route leads straight on. At the fork
10 min. farther we keep to the right, at the (10-12 min.) next fork to
the left, and in 1 min. reach a broad road, which we follow to the right
for 12 min. when we turn to the left. At the (3 min.) spring we turn
to the left, then to the right almost immediately and follow a stony
path which soon brings us in sight of Nemi.
3. The Sabine Mountains.
That fchain of the Apennines which descends abruptly and bounds
the Roman plain on the E., named Sabine Mts. from the ancient inhabit-
ants, attains a height of 4490 ft. and is full of interest for lovers of the
?icturesque. It forms the margin of the mountain-range on the side
acing the Roman depression occupied by volcanoes (comp. p. 428). Mt.
Soracte (p. 108) and Cape Circeo (p. 503) are its isolated outliers. The
Volscian Mts. (p. 495), to the S.E. of the Alban Mts., form a continu-
ation of the great Apennine system. The unfruitful limestone rock has
been covered by fertile volcanic ashes, and consequently has been made
capable of bearing luxuriant crops. The olive-trees of the district are
famous. — As a rule the Inns are good, though plain, but enquiry as to
charges should be made beforehand ; usuai charge for board and lodging
5-6 fr., and V2 fr- gratuity. — Carriages are not always to be had ex¬
cept at Tivoli. The public conveyances are not recommended when ladies
are of the party.
Those whose time is short must be satisfied with a visit to Tivoli,
which was a favourite summer-resort of the Romans in the time of Horace.
A fine day in Aprii or May, when the vegetation is at its freshest, is
the best time for this excursion. Subiaco also may be visited in a day.
— If several days are devoted to the Sabine Mts., and they are well
worth it, the following tour may be made : lst day, from Rome by early
train to Tivoli, thence in the evening or the next morning to Subiaco
(p. 479) ; 2nd day, visit the monasteries in the morning, and in the after-
noon walk or drive to Olevano (p. 484) ; 3rd day, walk or take the
diligence to Valmontone (p. 496) or Palestrina (p. 482), and return thence
by rail to Rome (or to Segni, comp. p. 496). Those who wish to reserve
Tivoli, the culminating point, for the end may proceed as follows: lst
day, from Rome by early train to Palestrina or Valmontone, and thence
walk or take the diligence to Olevano; 2nd, to Subiaco; 3rd, to Tivoli;
4th, back to Rome. —' A pleasant drive may be taken from Tivoli to
Subiaco or Genazzano (pp. 479, 484 ; 3V2-^ hrs.).