468 Envir. of Borne. ROCCA DI PAPA. 2. Alban Mts.
pedestrians from Albano. — The road soon enters a fine wood; the
soil is composed of scoriae and ashes from the crater of Monte Cavo.
From a bridge, about l1/* M. short of the Madonna del Tufo (see
below), a broad and stony road, diverging to the left, leads in 12 min. to
the Franciscan monastery of Palazzuola, situated above the E. margin
of the Alban Lake and visible from the highroad. The monastery dates
from the 13th century. Its garden contains a curious antique rock-tomb.
Hence we may follow the S. bank of the lake to Albano ; see p. 464.
The road now ascends more steeply and, beyond the Madonna
del Tufo (ca. 2130 ft.; trattoria), commands a splendid *View (finest
by evening light) of the Alban Lake, the mountain-slopes, with
Marino and Grottaferrata, and the Campagna stretching away to
Rome. Crossing several streams of basaltic lava it reaches Rocca di
Papa. Instead of following the road to the left to the town, we may
ascend direct to the Campo di Annibale from beside a huge lime-
tree enclosed by a low wall.
Rocca di Papa. — Albergo e Trattoria dell' Angeletto, two
houses in the Piazza in the lower part of the town, R. IV2"2) pens. from
7 fr., plain but good; Alb. e Tratt. Belvedere, in the Via del Tufo,
above the town (fine view). — Pension Cosmopolis, Viale Silvio Spavente,
near the station of the cable-railway, pens. 8 fr. (open in summer only). —
Tramway to Borne, see p. 467.
Rocca di Papa (2030-2490 ft.), picturesquely perched on a rock,
with 4023 inhab., is now a favourite summer-resort of the Romans,
with numerous villas, and lies amid fragrant woods on the outer
margin of the great extinct crater of Campo di Annibale (2460 ft.),
so named from the unfounded tradition that Hannibal once pitched
his camp here. The garrison of Rome occupies summer-quarters
here from July till September. At the upper end of the town is a
seismographical station (Osservatorio Geodinamico).
In order to reach the summit of Monte Cavo we turn to the right
on the rim of the crater, which is reached by a walk of 15-20 min.
through the steep lanes of the town, and ascend the stony path. In
12 min. more we reach the well-preserved Via Triumphalis, an
antique road, paved with basalt, once traversed in triumphal pro¬
cession by the generals to whom the Senate refused a triumph at
Rome. From two open spaces, about three-quarters of the way up,
a better view than from the top is obtained, to the right of Marino,
to the left of the Lago d'Albano, Albano, Ariccia with the viaduct,
Genzano, the Lago di Nemi, and Nemi itself.
On the summit of the *Monte Cavo (3115 ft.), the ancient
Mons Albanus (an ascent of 3/4 hr. from Rocca di Papa), stood the
venerable sanctuary of the Latin League, the Tempie of Jupiter
Latiaris, where the great sacrificial festival of the Feriae Latinae
was celebrated annually. Its scanty ruins were destroyed about
1777, when Cardinal York, the last of the Stuarts (p. 370), built
a Passionist monastery (now suppressed) on the spot. A portion