420 IV. Bight Bank. ROME. e. Trastevere:
foundation but frequently restored. The portico dates from the
last restoration by Giov. Batt. Soria, in 1624.
The Interior, with a richly gilded ceiling executed at the last restor¬
ation, is interesting on account of its fine old mosaic pavement and
antique columns, particularly the two of porphyry supporting the arch
of the choir, which are the largest in Rome. The ceiling-painting of
the transept is by the Cavaliere d' Arpino. The mosaic on the wall of
the tribune represents the Madonna between SS. Chrysogonus and James.
Fine carved stalls of 1866. Below the church remains of the old apse
and crypt and several sarcophagi were recently discovered.
In the Via Monte di Fiore, to the E. of the Piazza San Criso-
gono, an Excubitorium of the VII. Cohort of the Vigiles, i.e. a
station of the Roman firemen (p. xxxii), has been excavated at a
depth of about 30 ft. (adm. at same hours as to the Forum Romanum,
p. 172; fee 1/2 fr.). A modern flight of steps descends to a small
mosaic-paved court-yard, with a cistern in the centre, a chapel with
murai paintings (right), and several rooms, on the walls of which
are numerous rude inscriptions of the beginning of the 3rd cent. A.D.
The Via della Lungaretta leads to the right from the Piazza
San Crisogono to (5 min.), the Piazza di Santa Maria in Traste¬
vere (PI. II, 10, 13), with a fountain and the church of —
*Santa Maria in Trastevere, which is said to have been
founded by Calixtus I. under Alexander Severus, on the spot where
a spring of oil miraculously welled forth at the time of the birth
of Christ. It is mentioned for the first time in 499, was re-erected
by Innocent II. about 1140, and consecrated by Innocent III. in
1198. The present vestibule was added by Carlo Fontana under
Clement XI. in 1702; and a somewhat meretricious restoration of
the church was carried out in 1866-74. On the fagade are Mosaics
of Mary and the Child, on each side the small figure of a bishop
(Innocent IL and Eugene III.) and ten virgins, eight of whom have
burning, and two extinguished lamps, a work of the 12th cent.,
freely restored in the 14th (comp. p. lxv). The painted figures of
saints and the mosaics on the pediment above are modern. The
vestibule contains two Annunciations, one attributed to Pietro
Cavallini, but now entirely repainted, and numerous inscriptions.
In the wall to the right are choir-screens of the 7th and 8th centuries.
The Interior (best light in the afternoon) contains twenty-two
ancient columns of unequal size, supporting a straight entablature.
The Ionie capitals, decorated with heads of Egyptian deities, were
brought from the Thermae of Caracalla. The fine pavement is laid
with porphyry, verde antico, and other marbles, in the style known
as Cosmato work (comp. p. lxiv). The ceiling, decorated with richly-
gilded carved work, is attributed to Domenichino. The oil-painting
on copper in the centre, a Madonna surrounded by angels, is by
the same master. Immediately to the right of the entrance to the
nave is an elegant tabernacle by Mino da Fiesole. The chapels
contain little to detain the traveller; in the 4th to the right the