Egyptian Museum. ROME. IV- Bight Bank. 405
The Giardino della Pigna, the N. inner court of the Vatican,
contains numerous fragments of statues and reliefs. The entrance is
from the Museo Chiaramonti (p. 402), but visitors are seldom admitted.
In the middle is a huge antique column, surmounted by a bronze statue
of St. Peter, erected here in 1896 to commemorate the Council of 1870.
On the right is a colossal Pine Cone (Pigna), the work of a certain
P. Cincius Salvius, which in antiquity adorned a fountain near the Tempie
of Isis and Serapis (p. 234) and in the middle ages gave a name to a
quarter of the city (Rione della Pigna). In the 12th cent, it was set up
in the fore-court of old St. Peter's Church (where it was seen by Dante,
Inf. xxxi, 58). Behind is the pedestal of the column in honour of
Antoninus Pius, which stood near Monte Citorio, adorned with the
Apotheosis of Antoninus and Faustina and the mounted procession (decursio
equitum) accompanying the imperiai funeral.
Egyptian Museum. Etruscan Museum.
Comp. Pian, p. 393. Admission, see p. 173.
The Egyptian Museum (Museo Egizio), the entrance to
which is from the Sala a Croce Greca (p. 394), dose to the steps,
is below the Etruscan Museum. The collection was founded by
Pius VII., and though it cannot compare with those of Cairo,
London, Berlin, Paris, Florence, and Turin, contains a number of
valuable works, especially sculptures of the more recent period,
not to mention the admirable imitations of Egyptian works of art
found in and near Rome. Catalogue by Orazio Marucchi (1899), 5 fr.
Room I. (Sala dei Sarcofagi.) 1, 2. Painted wooden coffin of a
female singer of Ammón (e. 1000 B.C.); 3. Mummy-shaped coffin in basalt
of a contemporary of King Psammetikh II. (594-589 B.C.) ; Coffins in stone
and wood. — Room II. (Sala delle Statue.) 8, 26. Seated statues of
the lion-headed goddess Sckhmet; 9. Colossal head of a king, formerly
thought to be one of the Hyksos, 'shepherd-kings' who conquered Egypt
about 1700 B.C. ; 10. Colossal statue of a princess of the Ptolemaic
dynasty; 11. Figure of a baboon ('il Cacco', comp. p. 234); 12, 14. Ptolemy
Philadelphus (285-247 B.C.) and his wife Arsinoe ; *16, 18. Lions couchant,
presented by the Pharaoh Nektanebos (358-341 B.C.) to a tempie in Lower
Egypt; 17. Granite statue of Tue, mother of Ramses II. (ca. 1300 B.C.).
— To the right of the first two rooms is Room IX. (Sala dei Monumenti
di Imitazione), with sculptures modelled on the Egyptian style, the
majority from Hadrian's Villa (p. 471): *36. Colossal statue of Antinous
('Apollo Egizio'), in white marble; in the centre, 69a. Canopic vase of
alabaster; to the right of the exit, 56. Statuette of the Nile (comp. the
statue in the Braccio Nuovo, p. 404). — Room III. (Sala del Naoforo):
Statues, tombstones, canopi with inscriptions ; 70. Granite statue of King
Sethos I. (ca. 1300 B.C.), freely restored. *113. Statue of Uza-Herresnet,
high-priest of the goddess Neith of Sal's, holding before him a small shrine
of Osiris (naoforo). The inscriptions mention the conquest of Egypt by
the Persians under Cambyses. — Corridoh IV. (Emiciclo): Mummies,
coffins in stone and wood (some from a grave where numerous priests
of Ammon were interred, in the necropolis at Thebes), and tombstones.
— Room V. (Gabinetto primo delle Vetrine): Figures of gods and sacred
animals ; fayence figures of the dead, scarabs, alabaster vessels, etc. —
Boom VI. (Gabinetto secondo delle Vetrine): Mummies of sacred animals,
figures of gods and amulets, bronze censers. — Room VII. (Gabinetto
terzo delle Vetrine): Figures of gods and the dead, amulets, scarabs. In
Case 6 is large scarab of Amenopbis HI. (ca, 1400 B.C.), commemorating