402 IV. Bight Bank. ROME. e. jne Vatican:
grand-father of the illustrious Africanus, and consul 298 B.C., with
a remarkable inscription in Saturnine verse, recording his virtues
and achievements. It was found in 1780 in the tomb of the Scipios
(see p. 333; comp. also p. Ivi) on the Via Appia, at the same time
as that of his son L. Corn. Scipio, consul 259 B.C., and that of
P. Corn. Scipio (son of Africanus), flamen dialis, whose inscriptions
are built into the surrounding walls. The bust on the sarcophagus
has been groundlessly regarded as that of the poet Ennius.
We next enter (comp. ground-plan, p. 392) the —
*Museo Chiaramonti, arranged in one half of a corridor
330 yds. long, which is divided by pilasters into thirty sections
numbered with Roman numerals. As the entrance was formerly at
the other end, the numbers now begin with —
Section XXX. Torso of a colossal statue of the goddess Roma.
Above is a relief of three women (the portions here restored in
plaster are to be found in the Thermae Museum, No. 359; p. 197).
The door on the right here leads into the Giardino della Pigna
(p. 405). — Section XXIX. Left, *704. Ulysses handing the goblet
to Polyphemus; 693. Wreathed. head of Hercules, after Scopas
(p. 1). — XXVIII. Left, 682. Colossal statue of Antoninus Pius,
from Hadrian's Villa. — XXVII. Left, 652. Head of a Centaur;
643. Relief of the Birth of Erichthonios (Gaea hands the child to
Athena); *644. Dancing Women, relief. — XXVI. Left, 636.
Hercules and Telephus; right, 638. Torso of a fleeing girl. —
XXV. Left, *607. Head of Neptune, in Pentelic marble, from
Ostia; above, 593, 596, 594. Greek reliefs. — XXIV. Left, 588.
Bacchus with a satyr; 587. Ganymede. — XXIII. Left, 561.
Portrait-bust. — XXII. Right, 547. Isis (comp. p. liii); left, 544.
Silenus. — XXI. Left, *513a. Head of Venus, in Greek marble;
512, 510a. Roman portrait-busts; right, 535. Head of a dying
Gaul, in marble from Asia Minor (comp. p. liii). — XX. Right, 497.
Representation of a mill; 497 a. Children playing with nuts (comp.
No. 19, p. 395, and statuette in the New Capitoline Collection,
p. 280); left, 495. Cupid bending his bow; *494. Tiberius, a
colossal sitting figure, found in 1796 at Piperno. — XIX. *465.
Fragment of a relief of the so-called Mourning Penelope, of finer
workmanship than the better preserved replica in the Galleria
delle Statue (p. 398). — XVII. Right, 441. Alcibiades(?); left,
422. Demosthenes; *420. Head of Vulcan; *423, 419, 417. Roman
busts of boys. — XVI. Left, 401. Augustus, 400. Tiberius sitting,
both from Veii. — XV. Left, *372a. Greek relief in Boeotian lime¬
stone, with fragment of a rider recalling the frieze of the Parthe¬
non; above, 360. Archaic relief of three draped Graces, a copy of a
famous antique work popularly ascribed to the philosopher Socrates
(who was a sculptor in his youth), fragments of which were found
in the Acropolis at Athens. — XIV. Left, 353. Nymph; 352. Paris.