386 IV- Bight Bank. ROME.
e. The Vatican:
of Clement VII.) in the baptistery of the Lateran, by Francesco
Penni. To the left of this: Damasus I. between Prudence and
Peace; right, Leo I. between Innocence and Truth.
3. (on the window-wall) Rome presented by Constantine to
Sylvester I., by Raffaello dal Colle; left, Sylvester with For-
titude, right, Gregory VII. (?) with Power (?).
4. Constantine's Address to his warriors regarding the vic¬
torious omen of the cross, designed by Raphael (?) and executed
by G. Romano, who added the dwarf (perhaps Gradasso Berettai
of Norcia, dwarf of Card. Hippolytus de' Medici) and several other
figures. — On the left, St. Peter between the Church andEternity;
right, Clement I. between Moderation and Urbanity. — The scenes
below are from the life of Constantine, designed by G. Romano.
The Ceiling , completed under Sixtus V., is adorned with an
allegory of the triumph of Christianity over paganism. In the
pendentives are Italian landscapes, with corresponding allegorical
figures in the lunettes.
One of the custodians conduets us through the death-chamber
of Julius IL, the splendid ceiling of which displays the emblems of
the Medici, and opens (see p. 173) the *Cappella di Niccolò V.,
decorated by Fra Angelico da Fiesole with frescoes from the lives
of SS. Lawrence and Stephen, the last and maturest works of that
master, executed in 1450-55, restored under Gregory XIII. and Pius
VII. The designs on the marble pavement represent the sun and the
signs of the zodiac. Above the doorway are the arms of Julius IL
The Upper Series of frescoes represents scenes from the life of
St. Stephen: 1. (to the right of the window) Stephen ordained deacon by
Peter; 2. He distributes alms as deacon; *3. He preaches ; 4. He is brought
before the council at Jerusalem ; 5. He is dragged away to his martyr¬
dom ; 6. His death by stoning. — Below, in the same order, scenes from
the life of St. Lawrence: 1. Ordained deacon by Sixtus II. (with the
features of Nicholas V.); 2. The same pope gives him treasures for
distribution among the poor ; 3. Distribution of the same ; 4. The saint
is condemned by the emperor ; *5. He converts his gaoler ; 6. His martyr¬
dom. — Also on the left wall below: 1. St. Bonaventura, r. St. John
Chrysostom. In the vaulting : 1. St. Augustine, r. St. Gregory. On the
lower part of the right wall: 1. St. Athanasius, r. St. Thomas Aquinas.
On the vaulting : 1. St. Leo, r. St. Ambrose. On the ceiling the Four
Evangelists. — Though thus in immediate proximity to the boundless
energy of Michael Angelo and the lovely forms of Raphael, the frescoes
of Fra Angelico yet hold their ground in virtue of their air of perfect
devotion and cairn contemplative worship.
**Raphael's Logge (admission, see p. 173). Leaving the
Sala di Costantino, we proceed to the second floor of the logge
which enclose the Cortile di San Damaso (comp. ground-plan, p. 379),
the "W. (right) wing of which was embellished (1517-19) with stucco
mouldings, painted enrichments, and ceiling-paintings, from de¬
signs by Raphael and under his superintendence, by Giulio Ro¬
mano , Giovanni da Udine, and others of his pupils. The logge
were originally open and the paintings have therefore suffered