Baphael's Stanze. ROME. IV- Bi9M Bank- 379
instead, to cause some of the figures to be partly draped by Daniele
da Volterra. Clement XII. caused this process to be extended to
the other figures by Stefano Pozzi in the 18th cent., whereby, as
may be imagined, the picture was far from being improved.
Masses for the Pope are celebrated in the Sistine Chapel both on
bis coronation and at his decease ; masses are also said on the occasion
of pilerimages, and for the souls of departed Catholic prmces.
The Sala Ducale, which adjoins the Sala Regia, constructed by
Bernini, is decorated with ceiling-paintings and landscapes by Brìi.
Special permission from the Prefetto of the Palazzi Pontificali is
necessary for a visit tó this hall, or to the Pauline Chapel (Cappella
Paolina), built in 1540 by Antonio da Sangallo the Younger for Paul III.,
also adjoining the Sala Regia. In this chapel are two frescoes by Michael
Angelo, painted by him in 1542-ca. 1550 : on the left, the Conversion of
St Paul, on the right, the Crucifixion of St. Peter (p. lxxi). The other
pictures are by Lor. Sabbatini and F. Zuccaro, the statues in the corners
by P Bresciano. The chapel is used on the first Sunday in Advent
for the Quarantore, or exposition of the host during 40 hrs., when, as
well as on Maundy Thursday, it is brilliantly ìllummated.
Raphael's Stanze and Logge. Cappella di Niccolo V.
Picture Gallery. Raphael's Tapestries.
Comp. the Pian, p. 375.
"We ascend the staircase indicated by the notice-board mentioned
at p. 374, and on the second floor knock at the white door, through
which Raphael's Stanze and Logge are entered from the back. —
In front and to the right are two rooms with in different modern
pictures by Roman artists, chiefly representing scenes from the
lives of persons canonized by Pius IX. The room to the right also
contains a picture representing the Relief of Vienna in 1683 by John
Sobieski, by Matejko, presented by Poles in 1884. We traverse
this room, and then a saloon, the Sala dell' Immacolata, decorated
by Podesti, by order of Pius IX., with frescoes relating to the
doctrine of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin, promulgateti
on 8th Dee, 1854- The magnificent cabinet in the centre, which
was presented to Pius IX. in 1878 by the French clergy, contains
the text of the dogma, translated into many languages. — The
door straight in front of us leads to the first of —
**Raphael's Stanze. The frescoes executed by Raphael m
1508-1520 in the papal state-apartments (Stanze or Camere) of
the Vatican, by order of the Popes Julius IL and Leo X., are un-
questionably the foremost among the creations of the master and
are rivalled by no modern works of art in existence except the
ceiling-paintings in the Cappella Sistina (p. 376). The work, however,
in its entire grandeur had not been planned, nor the task committed
to Raphael from the outset. Julius IL originally intended these
rooms to be decorated in a much simpler style, and he entrusted
the task to Perugino, Sodoma, and other painters of Umbria and
Siena. These were joined by the young Raphael, who had probably