374 IV- Bight Bank. ROME.
e. The Vatican:
The Principal Entrance to the Vatican (Portone di Bronzo)
is at the end of the right colonnade of the Piazza of St. Peter,
where the Swiss guard is posted (see below). The ciceroni who proffer
their services here are to be avoided; their services are useless.
Straight in front the corridor leads to the Scala Regia, see below. —
The staircase to the right (Scala Pia, see p. 373) leads to the
Cortile di San Damaso, a court which derives its name from the
fountain of St. Damasus erected here by Innocent X., and sometimes
called Cortile delle Logge from the Logge of Bramante (p. lxviii)
by which it is bounded on three sides. On the right is the wing
occupied by the Pope. On the left is a door with the inscription
Adito alla Biblioteca ed al Museo (available for students in the
The Papal Troops consist of the Guardia Nobile (founded in 1801),
a body of about twenty Roman noblemen, with the rank of officers,
under a lieutenant-general ; the Guardia Svizzera (formed by Julius II.
in 1505), of about a hundred men under a colonel, wearing the brightly
coloured uniform of mediaeval spearmen (said to have been designed by
Michael Angelo); and the Guai-dia Palatina, a kind of militia of about
fifty Roman citizens, who serve on special occasions.
1. CAPPELLA SISTINA. RAPHAEL'S STANZE AND LOGGE.
PICTURE GALLERY. RAPHAEL'S TAPESTRIES. APPARTA¬
Admission, see p. 173. Permessi, see below. Sticks and umbrellas
must be given up on the second landing of the Scala Regia.
"We proceed from the principal entrance (Portone di Bronzo,
see above) straight on to the Scala Regia, a magnificent baroque
staircase by Bernini (1661). By the arrangement of the sumptuous
decorations and by placing the columns at gradually decreasing
distances from each other, advantage has been taken of the con¬
traction of the space as the staircase ascends to produce an im¬
posing perspective effect. To the right of the first landing is Ber-
nini's statue of Constantine (p. 365). At the top of the staircase
we obtain our permesso and pass through a door to the Staircase
on the Right, which ascends to the Sala Regia, on the first floor
(91 steps). Halfway up a notice-board, on the right, marked
'Camere e Stanze di Raffaello', indicates the approach to the second
floor with Raphael's Stanze and Logge (p. 379).
Sala Regia. Cappella Sistina. Sala Ducale.
The Sala Regia, an entrance-hall to the Sistine Chapel origin¬
ally destined for the reception of foreign ambassadors, was begun
by Ant. da Sangallo the Younger under Paul III. and was com¬
pleted in 1573. The magnificent stucco decorations of the ceiling