Piazza di San Pietro. ROME. IV. Right Bank. 361
Leo X., from a design by Bald. Peruzzi (?). We then proceed straight
to the Piazza Rusticucci (PI. I, 19), which forms a kind of fore-
court to the Piazza di San Pietro.
The Borgo Santo Spirito, issuing from the Piazza Pia (p. 316),
terminates at the S. colonnade of the Piazza of St. Peter. To the
left in this street, by the river, is the spacious Ospedale di Santo
Spirito (PI. I, H, 9). The building, with its striking octagonal
dome, dates from the time of Sixtus IV. and is one of the most
important examples of the early Renaissance in Rome. Frescoes of
scenes from the life of Innocent III. and Sixtus IV. adorn the wards
of the hospital. In the chapel are early-Renaissance pictures of
the twelve Apostles. The institution was founded by Innocent III.
and embraces a hospital, a lunatic asylum, a foundling institution
(shown 2-4 p.m. ; permesso at the office on the first floor, or in the
library), a home for girls, a refuge for the aged and infìrm, and a
valuable medicai library (Biblioteca Lancisiana; adm., see p. 166).
The three departments first mentioned can accommodate 1000, 500,
and 3000 inmates respectively.
The 'borgo', or settlement, of the 'Saxons' or English once lay
here (comp. p. 356), and its name is preserved in that of the church
of Santo Spirito in Sassia (PI. II, 9), farther on, to the left, built
by Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, under Paul III. The fagade
was added by Mascherino under Sixtus V. This church belongs to
the adjoining hospital and contains nothing noteworthy, except a
bronze ciborium, ascribed to Palladio, over the aitar. The brick
campanile, founded by Sixtus IV., with its corner-pilasters, is 'per¬
haps, in its virile simplicity, the noblest tower of the early Re¬
To the left, at the end of a side-street, rises the Porta Santo
Spirito, whence the Lungara leads to Trastevere (see p. 412).
Near the colonnades, on the left, is the small church of San
Michele in Sassia (PI. II, 9), formerly the church of the Frisians
(p. 356), rebuilt in the 18th cent., with the tomb of the painter
Raphael Mengs (d. 1779).
The **Piazza di San Pietro, the imposing space in front of
St. Peter's, is in the form of an ellipse, adjoined on the side next
the church by a gradually widening quadrilateral. It is enclosed
by the huge colonnades erected in 1655-67 by Bernini. The length
(including the Piazza Rusticucci) to the portico of the church is
366 yds. ; greatest breadth 260 yds. Each of the colonnades contains
four series of Doric columns. Three covered passages, the centrai
of which has space for two carriages abreast, are formed by 284
columns and 88 piers. On the balustrades above are placed 162
baroque statues of saints. The cost of the construction amounted
to 850,000 scudi (182,000^.); the pavement, laid by Benedict XIII.,