360 IV. Right Bank. KUIVIJU. «*• The Borgo:
completion. The fagades are elaborately adorned with sculpture.
Above the main portai is a marble group of Justice between Strength
and Law; and ten statues of Roman jurists are distributed at the
entrances and in the courts. Other groups will be added. The
court of appeal is to be adorned by Cesare Maccari (p. 252) with
frescoes illustrating the history of Roman law. The total cost of the
building is estimated at about 34 million fr. (1,360,000 l.). In
front of its N. fagade is a Statue of Cavour, by Galletti, unveiled
in 1895. — Farther to the N., in the midst of a new and attractive-
looking villa-quarter, is the handsome basilica of San Gioacchino
(PI. 1,11), founded in 1888 to commemorate the jubilee of Leo XIII.'s
ordination as a priest, and richly adorned with mosaics, granite co¬
lumns, and other embellishments. The architect is R. Ingami. —
At the N. extremity of the city are three extensive Barracks.
Electric Tramway and Omnibus from the Prati di Castello, see
Nos. 14 and 16, and No. 5 on p. 5 in the Appendix.
The Castle of Sant' Angelo is adjoined on the W. by the Piazza
Pia (PI. I, 12), whence four streets diverge. In the centre, to the
right and left of the fountain, are the streets called the Borgo
Nuovo (originally constructed in 1499 as the 'Via Alessandrina,
by Pope Alexander VI.) and the Borgo Vecchio; to the left, by the
river, the Borgo Santo Spirito ; to the right, the Borgo Sant'
The usuai route to the Vatican is by the Borgo Nuovo. To
the right in this street is the church of Santa Maria Traspontina
(PI. I, 9), erected in 1566. Farther on, to the right, in the small
Piazza Scossa Cavalli, is the *Palazzo Giraud, now Palazzo
Torlonia, erected by Ant. Montecavallo in 1496-1504 for Card.
Adriano da Corneto. The facade is a dose reproduction of that of
the Cancelleria (p. 259), and Bramante's share in designing this
palace is probably limited to the architecture of the inner court.
The portai dates from the 18th century.
To the left in the Piazza Scossa Cavalli is the Palazzo dei
Penitenzieri, built about 1480 by Card. Dom. della Rovere and
decorated by Pinturicchio, but now in a neglected condition. On
the first floor are a fine ceiling-painting of mythological scenes,
and a chapel, founded by Card. Alidosi, with a Renaissance ceiling.
At the S.E. corner of the piazza rises the church of San Giacomo
Scossa Cavalli. Opposite, on the W. side, the Palazzo dei Con¬
vertendo partly built by Bramante for the Caprini family from
Viterbo, and purchased in 1517 by Raphael. The architectural
style resembled that of the Pai. Vidoni (p. 257), but is quite dis-
guised by later alterations. On the first floor is the room where
Raphael is supposed to have died (?).
To the right in the Borgo Nuovo, farther on (Nos. 101-105), is
the Pai. Ricciardi, built for Giac. da Brescia, the physician of