352 IH- Southern Quarters. ROME.
i. The Lateran :
(found at the Vatican); 135. on the front, Adam and Ève, Moses
smiting the rock, Healing of the blind man, Resurrection of the
dead bones, Peter's denial, Healing of the man with dropsy, Sacri¬
fice of Isaac, Anger of Moses, and Moses striking the rock; on the
left side, the Men in the fiery furnace; on the right side, Daniel
in the den of lions, Noah in the ark. — Above, to the right, 138.
Christ and the Apostles; to the left, 193. Offerings of Cain and
Abel, etc; to the right, 146. Raising of Lazarus, etc. To the left,
189. Scenes from the Old and New Testaments (beside the Sacri¬
fice of Isaac is placed the Raising of the widow's son of Nain); the
busts have been restored. To the right, *150. Rustie and hunting
scenes; to the left, the Good Shepherd, to the right, Prayingfigure
(Orans), interesting from the traces of painting and gilding (the
latter now blackened by age), of the 3rd or 4th century. To the
left, 181. Ovai sarcophagus, with sculptures showing a strong af-
finity to antique motives. In the centre, 183a. Good Shepherds,
harvest, and vintage, found in the Catacombs of Praetextatus (p. 455).
To the right, 156. Orpheus, from Ostia (Orpheus occurs also in
paintings in the Catacombs, comp. p. lxi). — To the left, *174.
On the front, Christ enthroned among the Apostles (St. Peter ap¬
proaches from the right, St. Paul from the left), to the left, Sacri¬
fice of Isaac, to the right, Pilate washing his hands; on the right
end, Moses smiting the rock, Christ healing the woman with an
issue of blood; left end, Peter's denial. — To the right: *164.
Offerings of Cain and Abel, Capture of Peter, Cross with the mono-
gram and two soldiers; Execution of Paul, Job and his wife (4th
cent. ; from the lower church of San Paolo Fuori). — To the left,
*171. Bearing of the Cross, Crown of thorns, Cross with the mono-
gram (below which are two soldiers), Capture of Christ, Pilate
washing his hands (4th cent.; from the Catacombs of Domitilla,
p. 454). — On the staircase-landing: 199. Nativity, Adoration of
the Magi; 198. Ascension of Elijah. — Above, *223. Sitting figure
of St. Hippolytus (beginning of the 4th cent.), from the catacombs
near San Lorenzo fuori le Mura; the only antique portion is the
chair, on which is a Greek inscription recording the saint's achieve-
ments and an Easter-table.
The door on the left leads to the upper arcades, where the door
opposite (opened by the custodian on request) leads to the rooms
with the copies of the Catacomb paintings (p. 353); to the right
is the entrance to the room with the large mosaic (see p. 353).
The posterior walls of the three open arcades present a selec-
tion of Early Christian Inscriptions, systematically arranged by
De Rossi (p. 451), an invaluable aid to the student of Christian
archaeology. Immediately to the left of the entrance is the famous
inscription of Abercius of Hieropolis in Phrygia, dating from the
reign of Heliogabalus (A.D. 217), and containing an account of a