348 IH- Southern Quarters. ROME.
i. The Lateran:
and named it the *Museum Gregorianum Lateranense.
The entrance is in the Piazza di Porta San Giovanni (p. 354), on
the E. side of the palace. Admission, see p. 173.
On the groundfloor is the so-called * Museo Profano, or
collection of ancient sculptures, including several admirable works.
Comp. Helbig, Antiquities in Rome, voi. i, pp. 465-518. — We
cross the entrance-hall and follow the arcades of the court, to the
left, to the end of the W. wing, where we begin with Room I.
(comp. ground-plan, p. 345).
I. Room. Entrance-wall: 6. Statuette in the style of the Athena
Parthenos of Phidias; 10. Tomb-relief (warrior's farewell); 11.
Education of the young iEsculapius (fountain-relief). Left wall:
13. Two pugilists (in relief); 15. Bust of Marcus Aurelius; 20.
Roman emperor accompanied by lictors; the upper part of this
relief (now in the Thermae Museum, p. 195) represents the Tempie
of Venus and Roma, which was founded by Hadrian (p. 303), so
that the restoration of the emperor's head as Trajan is erroneous.
In front of the last, 19. Statuette of a girl; 26. Nymph giving water
out of a drinking-horn to a boy-satyr (fountain-relief). Right wall:
Several excellent torsos; 51. Portion of a statue of Artemis, with
traces of a deer on the left arm. In the centre a mosaic with pugi¬
lists, from the Thermae of Caracalla (see lst floor, p. 353). —
IL Room: interesting architectural fragments, especially from the
Forum of Trajan. 86, 130, 168. Fragments of a frieze, in the
centre of the walls of the entrance, the egress, and that on the
right. — III. Room. By the entrance-wall: 255. Statue of iEscula-
pius. Right wall: 256. Antinous (p. Ivi; head modern), found at
Ostia. — IV- Room. Entrance-wall: 273. Roman female portrait.
*278. Medea with the Peliades preparing the cauldron for the
sacrifice of Pelias; the sorceress is the figure on the left (a Greek
relief). 291. Statue of Germanicus. Right wall: 319. Statue of
Mars. Wall of egress : 348. Replica of the reposing Satyr of Praxi¬
teles (p. 1). On a cippus: 352. Bust of a Youthful Member ofthe
Claudian Gens. In the centre, 382. Beautiful basin of lumachella
(a kind of shell-marble).
We now cross the corridor to the —
V. Room. Rear wall: 394. Roman portrait-bust; *396, 40.5.
Hermae of Pan; 397. Statue of ^Isculapius; 403. Statue of Hygieia
(erroneously restored as a Muse); 407. Cinerary Urn with a relief
of two boys, one leaving the cock-fìght in tears with his defeated
cock, the other embracing his, which has been a winner. In the
centre: 399. Stag, in basalt, which originally bore a figure of Ar¬
temis. — VI. Room: Collection of sculptures from Caere (p. 488).
Entrance-wall: 427. Circular aitar with Pan and two dancing Horse;
on it, 428. Colossal portrait-head of Augustus; 433. Statue of an
emperor, head modern. Rear wall: 435, 437. Colossal sitting