336 HI- Southern Quarters. ROME.
h. The Caelius:
San Gregorio Magno (PI. Ili, 22), originally built by Pope
Gregory the Great in 575 on the site of his father's house, and
dedicated by that pope to St. Andrew, and afterwards by Gregory II.
to his first namesake. In 1633 it was restored under Card. Borghese,
by Giov. Batt. Soria, who designed the steps, colonnade, atrium,
and fagade. The interior was modernized in 1725-34. — It was
from this church that St. Augustine, a member of the adjoining
Benedictine monastery, set out in 596 with forty monks to preach
Christianity in England. — Cardinal Vaughan was titular of this
church, as was Cardinal Manning before him.
Entrance Court. Under the colonnade in front of the entrance : left,
monument of the Guidiccioni of 1643, but with sculptures of the 15th cent. ;
right, fine monument of the two brothers Bonsi, by Luigi Capponi (ca. 1498).
Here also is the monument of Sir Edward Carne (d. 1561), English am-
bassador to Rome under Henry Vili. — Interior, with sixteen ancient
columns. At the end of the right aisle : Aitar of St. Gregory, with small
marble reliefs by Luigi Capponi; altar-piece by S. Badalocchi (?) ; the
predella represents the Archangel Michael with the apostles and other
saints, probably by a pupil of Pinturicchio. Here to the right is a small
chamber preserved from the house of St. Gregory, containing a handsome
ancient chair of marble, a recess in which Gregory is said to have slept,
and a collection of small relics of saints. Opposite, from the left aisle,
the Cap. Salviati is entered. Over the aitar on the right, an ancient
and highly revered Madonna, which is said to have addressed St. Gre¬
gory; left, an aitar from the studio of Andrea Bregno (1469), disfigured
The sacristan (Va fr.) also shows the three detached *Chapels to the
left of the entrance, which are connected by a colonnade. A fragment of
a wall of the imperiai epoch (erroneously said to be earlier than that of
Servius), partly covered with remains of other walls, is observed here.
To the right, Chapel of St. Silvia, mother of Gregory, with her statue
by Cordieri; in the apse, a fresco (Angelic concert) by Guido Reni,
greatly damaged (1608). — In the centre, Chapel of St. Andrew. Over
the aitar: Madonna with SS. Andrew and Gregory, painted on the wall
in oils by Roncalli. On the right, Martyrdom of St. Andrew, Domeni¬
chino ; on the left, St. Andrew, on the way to execution, beholding the
cross, Guido Reni; two pictures once extravagantly admired. In the
left lower corner of each is the portrait of the artist. — To the left,
the Chapel of St. Barbara, with a sitting statue of St. Gregory in
marble, said to have been begun by Michael Angelo, completed by Cordieri.
In the centre a marble table with antique supports, at which St. Gregory
is said to have entertained twelve poor persons daily. According to
the legend, an angel one day appeared and formed a thirteenth.
We now ascend the Via di San Giovanni e Paolo, which
leads to the N., passing under several brick arches and skirting (on
the left) the antique brick fagade, which is now the wall of the lower
church of San Giovanni e Paolo. In a few minutes we reach —
*San Giovanni e Paolo (PI. Ili, 22), a small church in the
form of a Greek cross, founded about 400 by the senator Pammachius
on the site of the house of SS. John and Paul, two high court-
officials, who, according to the legend, suffered martyrdom in the
reign of Julian the Apostate. When Rome was plundered by Robert
Guiscard in 1084 this building was severely injured ; but it was