282 IH- Southern Quarters. ROME.
a. The Capitol:
Kauffmann, Raphael Mengs, and Poussin. At the end of the corri¬
dor is a monument to Canova by L. Fabris. — Regaining the
corridor, we enter the —
Room of the Tombe dell' Esquilino, which contains the objects
discovered in the primaeval cemeteries on the Esquiline and Quirinal
hills, dating back to the first centuries of the existence of Rome
(7-5th cent. B.C.).
The deceased were usually buried in coffin-shaped structures, rudely
composed of tufa without mortar. The articles interred with the dead
were few and poor; they include native pottery, sometimes manufactured
without a wheel, fibulae and weapons of bronze, terracotta spinning-
whorls, etc. Vases of Greek origin are rare ; ornaments of amber, glass,
or the precious metals very seldom occur; and, with the exception of
a few scratched signs, there are no indications of the use of writing. —
The wall-cases contain objects from the Necropolis of Santa Maria della
Vittoria (on the Quirinal) and from Albano (Case IX; hut-shaped urns).
By the window are two cylindrical sarcophagi with female skeletons,
found in 1884 in the Villa Spithcever, within the Servian wall. Also,
the upper part of a terracotta well-shaf t, with an early Latin inscription
(3rd cent. B.C. ?). — The large slabs in the floor of this room belong to
the Girdle Wall of the precincts of the Capitoline tempie, and are thus
stili in their ancient position (comp. the Pian, p. 286). The two granite
columns and the massive granite architrave were erected here in the
middle ages, but were doubtless taken from some building in the neigh¬
The following room, the most imperfectly lighted of ali, contains
the Sculture Arcaiche, comprizing the most valuable sculptures
in the collection. To the left of the entrance, torso of an archaic
female statue; fragment of a Tomb Relief, in the severe style,
with a standing woman; above, votive-relief of a victorious athlete.
Torso of a Victorious Charioteer: the right foot was planted in
the chariot, while the outstretched hands grasped the reins (good
copy of a statue of the middle of the 5th cent. B.C.). Greek Funeral
Stele in the archaic style (girl with a dove); above, archaic frieze
in terracotta; torso of an archaic statue of a girl. In front of
the window, Foot of the colossal statue of a goddess, with a high
sandal adorned in relief; below, fragment of a Greek Funeral Stele
of the end of the 5th cent. B.C. (the deceased with her servant).
On a bracket to the right, archaic head of a girl (eyes inserted);
Kneeling Amazon, an archaic statue of the end of the 6th. cent. B.C.
By the next wall, Statue of Nike in the severe style (head missing).
Under glass, Tensa Capitolina, or processionai chariot, adorned
with bronze reliefs of scenes from the life of Achilles (wooden por-
tions modern). To the right of the entrance, Statuette of Leto,
fleeing with her children Apollo and Artemis from the Python (in
the style of the 5th cent. B.C.)
We now return to the staircase-landing and enter (left) the —
Sale dei Conservatori (i.e. of the town-councillors), with
frescoes and other works of art, chiefly of the end of the 16th cent-