274 HI- Southern Quarters. ROME.
a. The Capitol :
collection is much smaller than that of the Vatican but is rich in
admirable works. Catalogue (1888), 3 fr. Comp. Helbig, Anti¬
quities in Rome, voi. i, pp. 293-399.
Ground Floor (Pianterreno). — In the Court (Cortile): in
front, above the fountain, is the so-called *Marforio, a colossal
river-god, erected in the middle ages in the Via di Marforio oppo¬
site the Career Mamertinus, where it was employed as a vehicle for
the sarcastic answers to the interrogatories of Pasquino (see p.259).
By the wall, to the right and left of the Marforio : Figures of Pan,
two architectonic supporting-figures found in the Piazza dei Satiri,
on the site of the orchestra of Pompey's Theatre (p. 262). — The
rooms to the right of the court (formerly magazines) are now open
and contain Egyptian sculptures: Granite columns with carvings;
Sphinx in black basalt; Crocodile; Sphinx in red granite; Vase
with sculptures in black basalt; Lions of basalt, formerly at the
foot of the Aracoeli steps; Baboons (cynocephali).
Corridor (PI. 4) on the groundfloor. To the left of the entrance :
4. Colossal statue of Athena (period of Phidias); Sarcophagus with
Bacchanalian representations, purposely mutilated. At the end of
this corridor, to the right: 21. Lower part of a statue of a barbarian
in pavonazzetto, originally on the attica of the Arch of Constantine
(p. 307). — The three rooms on this side (PI. 1-3) contain in¬
scriptions, small reliefs, altars, and cinerary urns. Room 1. In the
wall to the left is the so-called Capitoline Puteal (well-head), with
scenes from the life of Achilles (only the band in relief is an¬
tique). On the other walls are Christian and Jewish inscriptions
and sculptures, particularly sarcophagus-reliefs. Opposite the
puteal, detached frescoes from an early-Christian church, dis¬
covered near the Colosseum. — Room 2. In the centre, Aitar of
the sun-god, with inscription in Latin and Syriac — Room 3. In
the centre, large pedestal from the Porticus of Octavia (p. 267),
which, according to the inscription, once supported a statue of Cor¬
nelia, mother of the Gracchi.
We return to the Corridor (PI. 4). To the right of the principal
entrance: 35. Polyphemus the Cyclope with one of his victims;
(right) 40. Colossal Mars, a copy of the image in the tempie men¬
tioned at p. 311 (legs, arms, and cloak modern). — To the right
of the window is the entrance to three rooms (PI. 5-7) containing
inscriptions and several interesting sarcophagi.
Room 5. In the centre: Ara, which stood in the market-place
of Albano till 1743, with archaic representation of the labours of
Hercules. — Room 6. To the right: 5. Sarcophagus with battle
between the Romans and Gauls (betraying the influence of figures
from the votive monument of Attalus I. at Athens; p. liii); (left)
11. Cippus of T. Statilius Aper, an architect Qmensor aedificiorum'),
with a wild boar (aper) at his feet and a measuring-wand and other