f. Villa Borghese. ROME. /. N. and E. Hills. 219
David Moore, and J. P. Hackert. Both collections were purchased
by the state in 1901 for 3,600,000 fr. Illustrateci catalogue of the
paintings by Venturi (1893) iys fr., bound 2 fr.; director, Signor
Giulio Cantalamessa. Admission, see p. 172; rooms 1, 2, 7, 8, and 9
on the upper floor (paintings) are closed on Sundays.
The Borghese Collection of Antiques was founded about
1820 to replace an earlier collection purchased by Napoleon I. and
sent to the Louvre. It consists largely of objects discovered on the
Borghese estates. Comp. Helbig, Antiquities in Rome, voi. ir,
pp. 129-160. ' '
I. Vestibule ('Atrio'). On the narrow walls vii. (1.) and xxv.
(r.), and on the back-wall, x., three reliefs from a triumphal arch of
Claudius that once stood in the Corso near the Palazzo Sciarra
(p. 230), erected, according to an inscription, in A.D. 51-52 by the
senate and people in memory of the victories in Britain. — To
the left, vm. Torso of Pallas, a copy of the Parthenos of Phidias
II. Saloon ('Salone'), with ceiling-painting by Mario Rossi
and wall-paintings by Rotari and Wenzel Peter of Carlsbad. On
the floor, Mosaic, with gladia-
torial and wild beast combats.
Left wall: xxxvi. Dancing Faun
(largely restored), under it a
delicately workedBacchio relief.
Long wall: xl. Meleager; vil.
Statue of a woman; below, Ro¬
man tombstone of a poetess.
Right wall: l. Antoninus Pius
(colossal bust); il. Colossal
Dionysus; below, slab with Bacchio relief, belonging to the sanie
work as the fragments under xxxvi. and over the door in the back-
wall. Of the alto-relief of a failing horseman above the latter, the
body of the horse is the only antique portion.
III. Room (first to the right). In the centre, Canova, Pauline
Borghese (p. 189) as Venus (1805). Entrance-wall: lxxi. Votive-
relief to Artemis as the patron goddess of children, executed about
the time of Hadrian under the influence of Greek models. On the
opposite wall: lxiv. Ajax tearing Cassandra from the Palladium
(relief). — Paintings : Dosso Dossi, Apollo ; Caravaggio, David
with the head of Goliath.
IV. Room. In the centre : David with the sling, a youthf ul work
by Bernini. Entrance-wall: lxxviii. Herma of Pan; lxxix. Front
of a sarcophagus, with the labours of Hercules (back of the sarco¬
phagus opposite, No. un e). Upon it, lxxx. Lid of another sarco¬
phagus, with relief of Penthesilea and her Amazons coming to aid