216 I. N. and E. Hills. ROME. e. S. Pietro in Vincoli.
From the S. side of San Martino ai Monti the Via delle Sette
Sale runs to San Pietro in Vincoli. The so-called Sette Sale and
the garden of the Palazzo Field-Brancacelo (p. 209) are accessible
from here also (ring at the gardener's door, No. 2).
The wide Via Cavour (PI. II, 27, 26, 23; tramways Nos. 2
and 17 in the Appx.), beginning at the railway-station, crosses the
Piazza dell' Esquilino (PI. II, 27; p. 206), and after being joined
by the Via Giovanni Lanza (p. 215; tramways Nos. 4 and 12),
bends to the W. and leads direct to the Forum Romanum (p. 287).
On the left, above the street, is the church of San Francesco di
Paola and on the right, farther on, rises the Torre de' Conti
(p. 312; comp. Pian, p. 308).
A flight of steps beside San Francesco di Paola leads up from
the Via Cavour through an archway to the piazza in front of San
Pietro in Vincoli (150 ft. above the sea-level). The elegant Doric
loggia and balcony on the N. side over the archway once belonged
to the house of Vanozza de' Catanei (p. 215). The old Franciscan
monastery on the N. side of the piazza is now the Reale Instituto
Tecnico Leonardo da Vinci. To the W. rises a mediaeval tower,
beside which is a fine palm-tree. — The church of —
*San Pietro in Vincoli (PI. II, 23) is also named Basilica
Eudoxiana after Eudoxia, wife of Valentinian III., who erected
the church about the year 442, as a receptacle for the chains of
St. Peter which had been presented by her to Pope Leo I. It was
restored by Pelagius I. and Hadrian I. The vestibule is a work of
the early Renaissance (ca. 1475), and was the gift of the Rovere,
who for some decades monopolized the cardinal's title connected
with this church. Admission before 11 a.m. (Sun. till after 12) and
after 3 p.m.; at other times visitors ring at the adjacent door to
the left,|No. 4 (i/2 fr.).
Interior. The nave and aisles are separated by 20 antique
Doric columns. To the left of the entrance, by the pillar, is the
monument of the Fiorentine painters Piero and Antonio Pollaiuolo
(d. 1498). The fresco above it, a votive picture given by Sixtus IV.
as a protection"against the plague of 1476, is probably from the
studio of Antoniazzo Romano. — The Left Aisle contains, in the corner
to the left, on the wall, the monument of the learned Cardinal Nico-
laus Cusanus (from Cues on the Moselle, d. 1464). Above it a relief:
St. Peter with keys and chains, on the left the donor (Nic. Cusanus),
right an angel, a good early work by Andrea Bregno. The marble
slab to the right in the floor, by Jacopo Sansovino, marks the
tomb of Card. Leon. Grosso della Rovere (d. 1520). On the 2nd aitar
to the left, a mosaic of the 7th cent, with St. Sebastian (bearded).
In the Right Transept is the monument of Pope Julius II. (p. lxxi)