198 !• N. and E. Hills. ROME. e. Museo delle Terme.
executed foliage; another represents a sacrifice on the aitar of
Gsea. The Ara Pacis stood in a court surrounded by colonnades
on the site of the present Palazzo Fiano in the Corso (p. 228).
Other fragments of it may be seen here and at the Vatican (p. 400),
the Villa Medici (p. 182), the Uffizi at Florence, the Louvre, and
South Corridor. Colossal statue of a woman; archaic female
statue ; portrait statue of a Roman jurist (late period).
The next door (left) leads to eight small rooms (comp. Pian,
p. 192), in which the **Museo Boncompagni, the collection of
antiques formerly in the Villa Ludovisi (p. 186), fìnds temporary
accommodation. The collection was founded by Cardinal Ludovico
Ludovisi, a nephew of Gregory XV. (1595-1632), and carne by in-
heritance to the princes of Piombino (Boncompagni-Ludovisi). In
1900 it was purchased by the state for 1,400,000 fr. The earlier
examples have been restored by Al. Algardi. — Room I. *7. Marble
Throne for a Colossal Statue of Venus (found in 1887), a fine
example of developed archaic art; on the back, which is turned
towards the spectator, is shown the birth of the goddess from the
sea; on the right side is a veiled matron holding an incense-box,
and on the left side the nude figure of a girl playing the flute.
12. Archaic draped statue of a woman; 33. Archaic Greek Colossal
Head of a Goddess, usually called Venus (5th cent. B.C.); it per¬
haps belonged to the acrolithic statue (Le. a statue in which the
nude portions were in marble and the drapery in wood) of Aphrodite
from the tempie on Mount Eryx, in Sicily, which was transferred
in 181 B.C. to the Roman tempie of Venus Erycina (near the former
Villa Ludovisi, p. 186). 46. Hercules; 62. Theseus. — Room II.
(to the right of Room I). 10. Greek Portrait-Head (recently iden-
tified as Aristotle); *37. Ares Resting (after Lysippus); the dreamy
and pensive pose of the god is explained by the presence of the
little god of love ; the group is imperfect on the left side. — Room III.
59. Hermes as god of eloquence (the right arm is faultily restored,
the left hand held a caduceus or herald's wand). — Room IV.
*43. A Gaul and his Wife, a colossal group. The Gaul, hard
pressed by the foe, has found time to deal his wife the fatai blow,
and now stabs himself in a mortai part (the right arm is erroneously
restored and the hand should grasp the hilt of the sword from the
other side). This group probably formed the centre of a cycle of
statues, the right extremity of which was occupied by the Dying
Gaul in the Capitoline Museum (p. 275), and of which the bronze
originals were placed on the Acropolis of Athens in honour of the
victories of Attalus I. (241-197 B.C.; comp. p. liii). **86. Head
of a Sleeping Erinys (so-called Medusa Ludovisi). — Room V.
**66. Juno Ludovisi, the most celebrated head of Juno known and
certainly one of the most beautiful. Goethe wrote that 'no words