e. Museo delle Terme. ROME. I- N. and E. Hills. 197
Portrait - Head of the late republican era; left, *206. Head of
Vespasian; late Roman portrait-heads.
Casetta C and Casetta D. Inscriptions from the Sacred Grove
of the Arval Brotherhood (p. 489), relating to sacrifices, games,
prayers, and vows, from the time of Augustus to that of Gordian III.
(A.D. 241). These inscriptions are of great historical importance,
as the emperors and most prominent citizens of Rome were mem¬
bers of the brotherhood. — Casetta D also contains an * Aitar from
Ostia (No. 310, lst Room); the Tabula Ligurum Baebianorum
(2ndR.), a large bronze tablet from the neighbourhood of Benevento,
with an inscription referring to a benevolent institution (alimenta)
for poor children, founded by Trajan (comp. p. 293); tombstone of
a Roman and his wife (2nd R.) ; and monuments illustrating the cult
of Mithras. and fragments of mosaics (3rd Room).
Casetta E. lst Room: Fragments of Greek and Roman reliefs;
322. Roman Sacrifìce; 324. Two Greek heroes. In front of the
window: *340. Head of a Woman; 350. Archaic votive relief
of Zeus Xenios, with inscription. — 2nd Room: 354. Replica of
the Hermes in the relief of Orpheus in the Villa Albani (p. 433);
356. Fragment with the figure of the philosopher Anaximander
(inscription); 359. Relief of three women (comp. p. 402); 360. Pro-
metheus and the eagle; 362. Statuette of a satyr looking at his tail.
— 3rd Room: *345. Half of a Female Head in a dose veil, with
portrait-features (from an originai of the Hellenistic period). In
the rear-passage is a small representation of a Greek stage.
Casetta F. lst Room: 384, 385. Fragments of two statues of
a Satyr playing the Finte (comp. No. 60, p. 277, and No. 38a,
p. 404); 393. Torso of a satyr pouring wine from a flask (after
Praxiteles); 386. Inf ant Dionysus (from a statue of Hermes and
the young Dionysus); 394. Head of Penelope, a replica of the head
originally belonging to the figure of the so-called Penelope (comp.
p. 398); 399. Torso of the Minotaur. — 2nd Room: 404. Statue of
Hermes; 405. Head of a youth (Attic). — 3rd Room: 396. Torso
of a boy (after Polycletus).
Farther on in the N. Corridor : Large Mosaic of a Nile Land-
scape, found on the Aventine. Colossal statue of one of the Dioscuri.
East Corridor. Near the centre is a sarcophagus-lid in the
shape of a couch; the man holds on his lap the bust of his wife
(which we must imagine to be of wax; comp. p. lv); in the cushion
behind is a receptacle for the ashes of the deceased. Front of a sarco¬
phagus of a later period, a married couple with Venus and Cupid, the
Dioscuri, Oceanus, and Gaea. At the end of this corridor and the
beginning of the S. wing are arranged fragments of the *Ara
Pacis, a richly adorned aitar of the Goddess of Peace, erected by
the Roman Senate in 13-9 B.C., to celebrate the return of Augustus
from Spain and Gaul. One of the reliefs displays beautifully