e. S. Maria degli Angeli. ROME. I. N. and E. Hills. 191
as that of the Baths of Caracalla (p. 331), and the number of daily
bathers 3000. The front faced the E., the exedra being at the back.
Tradition ascribes the execution of the work to condemned Christ¬
ians, in memory of whom the church of St. Cyriacus, no longer
existing, was erected on the N. side in the 5th century.
Pius IV. entrusted Michael Angelo with the task of adapting
part of the Thermae for a Carthusian Convent. The large vaulted
centrai hall was accordingly converted into the church of *Santa
Maria degli Angeli (PI. I, 27) in 1563-66. The present transept
was then the nave, the portai was at the end on the right, and the
high-altar on the left. In 1749 Vanvitelli disfìgured the church by
converting the nave into the transept and placing the entrance on
the "W. side (opposite the fountain, p. 199), where now a new fagade
is about to be erected.
A small Rotunda is first entered. The first tomb on the right is
that of the painter Carlo Maratta (d. 1713), the first on the left is that
of Salvator Rosa (d. 1673). In the Chapel, Christ appearing to Mary
Magdalen, an altar-piece by Arrigo Fiammingo.
We next enter the great Transept. The niche on the right in the
passage contains an admirable colossal statue of St. Bruno, founder of
the Carthusian order, by Houdon (ca. 1760); in the chapel on the left,
the Delivery of the Keys, an excellent altar-piece by Girol. Muziano.
The transept (formerly the nave) is 100 yds. long, 29 yds. wide, and 90 ft.
high. Of the 16 columns, each 45 ft. in height, eight are antique, of
orientai granite, and the others were built of brick when the church was
restored. — Most of the large pictures were brought from St. Peter's,
where they are replaced by copies in mosaic. In the right half (on the
pavement the meridian of Rome, laid down by Bianchini in 1703) : on the
right, Crucifixion of St. Peter by Ricciolini ; Fall of Simon Magus, after
Frane. Vanni (originai in St. Peter's) ; on the left, St. Jerome among the
hermits, an excellent work by Muziano flandscape by Brìi); Miracles of
St. Peter, Baglioni. At the narrow end : chapel of B. Niccolò Albergati.
In the left half: on the left, Mass of St. Basii with the Emperor Valens,
Subleyras; Fall of Simon Magus, Pompeo Baioni; on the right, Immac¬
ulate Conception, P. Bianchi; Raising of Tabitha, P. Costanzi. At the
narrow end : chapel of St. Bruno.
In the Tribune : right, Romanelli, Presentation of the Virgin ; Domen¬
ichino, Martyrdom of St. Sebastian (painted in oil on the wall); left,
Roncalli, Death of Ananias and Sapphira; Maratta, Baptism of Christ.
The choir contains two monumentai tombs (1. Pius IV., r. Ant. Serbelloni),
designed by Michael Angelo.
The remaining parts of the Thermse, formerly occupied by the
Carthusians, now accommodate various charitable and educational
institutions and the —
**Museo Nazionale Romano delle Terme Diocleziano
(PI. I, 27). The Thermae Museum is intended mainly for the recep¬
tion of antiques discovered on public property within the city-limits,
but its scope has been enlarged by the addition of the splendid
Boncompagni-Ludovisi Collection (p. 198). Frequent alterations
are made in the arrangement. Admission, see p. 173. The entrance
is by the door to the right in the corner opposite the railway-
station (marked 'Ospizio Margherita per i Poveri Ciechi') and then