12. Route. HI
the volcanic districts defined by the lakes of Bolsena and Vico.
To the right, beyond a tunnel, lies part of the ancient Via Cassia
25 M. Viterbo. — Stations. Stazione Porta Fiorentina (PI. B, 1 ;
small buffet), 3 min. to the N. of the town, outside the Porta Fiorentina.
Stazione Porta Romana (PI. C, 5), for the line to Rome, 3 min. to the
S.E., outside the Porta Romana. — Cabs. Between the stations and the
town: with one horse 1-2 pers. V2> at night 1 fr., 3-4 pers. 1 or 1V2 fr. ;
with two horses 4 pers. 1 fr. 20 e. or 2 fr., each addit. pers. 25 or 40 e.
By time inside or outside the town (except on holidays and market-days) :
with one horse 1-3 pers. per hr. 2, each addit. 1/4 S\v. V2 fr-5 with two
horses 4 pers. 3 and 3/4 fr. To Montefiascone (p. 110 ; 2-2i/2 hrs.) 8-10 fr. ;
to Orte (p. 106 ; 3 hrs.) 16-20 fr.
Hotels (comp. p. xviii), ali with restaurants. Grand Hotel Viterbo
(PI. a; B, 1), at the Porta Fiorentina, with electric light and minerai
baths, 50 R. from IV2, B. 1, pens. (incl. wine) from 8 fr., well spoken of. —
Angelo (PI. b; B, 3), Piazza Vittorio Emanuele, R. H/2-2 fr-> good;
Sohenardi (PI. e; B, 3), near the Piazza, with café.
Post Office, Piazza del Plebiscito (PI. B, 3). — Photographs: Gius.
Polozzi, Vicolo della Ficunaccia (PI. C, 2); Zeffirino Mattioli, Corso
Vitt. Emanuele (PI. C, 3).
Viterbo (961-1161 ft.), an episcopal residence with 17,344 in¬
hab., surrounded by ancient Longobard walls and towers, is situated
on the N.W. side of the Ciminian Forest, on or near the site of the
ancient Sorrina. It was the centrai point of the extensive grant
called the 'patrimony of St. Peter', made by the Countess Matilda
of Tuscia (d. 1115) to the papal see, and is frequently mentioned
as a residence of the popes and as the scene of the papal elections
(see p. 112) in the 13th century. Viterbo, called by old Italian
authors the 'city of handsome fountains and beautiful women', stili
presents an abundance of fine architectural details and picturesque
points. The drinking-water is excellent.
The centre of the town is occupied by the Piazza del Plebiscito
(PI. B, 3), in which rises the *Palazzo Municipale, begun in
1264, with a beautiful porch of the 15th cent, and frescoed rooms
of the 15-17th centuries. The court (affording a fine view to the
W.) contains a graceful fountain and six large Etruscan sarcophagus-
lids with recumbent figures. To the right is the entrance to the
Museo Municipale (key on the lst floor; fee Y2-I fr-)-
Room I. Lids of Etruscan sarcophagi with recumbent figures, some
hearing inscriptions; Etruscan, Roman, and mediseval antiquities; also
(at the window) the 'Decree of Desiderius, King of the Longobards', and
the Tabula Cibellaria, forgeries of the notorious Dominican Annius of
Viterbo (d. at Rome 1502). On the wall to the right, Madonna by Lorenzo
da Viterbo. — Room IL Paintings, including a *Pietà from the church
of San Francesco (p. 114), one of Sebastiano del Piombo's masterpieces,
painted under the influence of Michael Angelo; an ancient but ruined
replica of the Scourging of Christ (p. 424), by the same ; a Baptism of
Christ (school-piece) and an Adoration of the Holy Child, by Ant. da
literbo. By the exit, Bust in terracotta of G. B. Almadiani, probably
by Andrea della Robbia (1502). — Room III. Lunette of the Madonna
and two angels (terracotta relief), probably by Andrea detta Robbia;
mediseval sculptures, including a sphinx from Santa Maria in Gradi (1286).