MONTE ROTONDO. «. Route. 109
of the Tiber. — 160 M. Stimigliano (Locanda & Osteria della
Posta, at the station) and (166 M.) Poggio Mirteto are both situated
in the mountainous district of the Sabina, where olive-trees abound.
From Stimigliano to the top of Soracte, see p. 108. — 172 Ya M.
Fara Sabina (92 ft.).
A carriage-road ascends to the N.E. through the valley of the Fosso
Corese to (10 M. ; diligence 2 fr., return-journey IV2 fr.) Fara in Sabina
(1588 ft; Alb. della Posta). After ca. 3 M. we see to the right, beyond
the stream, a hill (Arci; 495 ft.), with the ruins of the ancient Sabine
town of Cures, where Numa Pompilius was born. From Fara in Sabina
a carriage-road and a footpath descend to the N.W. through wood to
(1 M.) Farfa, a former Benedictine monastery founded in 681, in the
pretty valley of the Farfa, the ancient Farfarus or Fabaris. The carriage-
road crosses the Farfa 1V2 M. farther on, leads to the W. over the hill,
and reaches a (3V2 M.) fork (355 ft.). The branch to the N. leads to
2J/2 M.) the station of Poggio Mirteto (see above) ; that to the S. crosses
(the (1 M.) Ponte Sfondato, a naturai bridge, passes an Osteria V2 M.
farther on, and ends at the (4*/2 M.) station of Fara Sabina.
The line follows the left bank of the Tiber to (180 M.) Monte
Rotondo. The small town (541 ft. ; Trattoria Vitt. Emanuele,
in the Piazza Vitt. Emanuele), with 4552 inhab., to the left, 2 M.
higher (seat in a carriage 1/2 fr.), has an old castle of the Orsini,
belonging later to the Piombino family, and now the town-hall
(view from the tower). In the church of Santa Maria Maddalena
is the equestrian sepulchral monument of Giordano Orsini (1484).
About 2 M. to the S.E. of Monte Rotondo lies Mentana (Osteria
Vincenzo Picucci), the ancient Nomentum, where Garibaldi was defeated
on 3rd Nov., 1867, by the Papal and French troops, after he had stormed
Monte Rotondo on Oct. 26th. The battle is commemorated by a monument
(Ara) over the burial place of those who fell and by a small Garibaldi
Museum (1905). The castle (Castello Baronale) dates from the 13-16th cent.
From Mentana to Rqme, see p. 437.
From Monte Rotondo to Rome the line follows the direction of
the ancient Via Salaria. Beyond Castel Giubileo (p. 435) we
catch our first glimpse of the dome of St. Peter's at Rome, which
vanishes again as we approach the Anio (p. 435). To the left are
the Sabine and Alban mountains. — 185x/2 M. Sette Bagni (p. 435).
— 193 M. Portonaccio. The train describes a wide circuit round
the city, and just beyond the Porta Maggiore passes the so-called
tempie of Minerva Medica (p. 212; left).
196 M. Rome, see p. 149.
12. From Attigliano to Viterbo and Rome.
This line is of little importance except for visitors to Viterbo. There
are no express trains and no through-trains (comp. p. 111). — From Atti¬
gliano to Viterbo, 25 M., railway in ÌVr13/4 hr. (fares 4 fr. 65, 3fr. 25,
2 fr. 10 e). — From Viterbo to Rome, 54 M., railway in 2i/2 hrs. (fares
10 fr. 10, 7 fr. 10, 4 fr. 55 e).
Attigliano, see p. 106. — The train crosses the Tiber and passes
(3Y2 M.) Sipicciano and (IOY2 M.) Grotte Santo Stefano.