Affricano, a dark variegate d marble
from the Greek island of Chios.
Ambo (pi. Ambones), a reading-desk
or pulpit placed beside the choir-
screen in early basilicas. In Rome
ambones are usually in pairs, the
S. for the Epistle, the N. for the
Apsis, Tribuna, the vaulted semi-
circular or polygonal recess at the
end of the choir. Comp. Basilica.
Archaic, as a term in art-history,
is equivalent to 'pre-Phidian'.
Archaistic describes works in the
archaic style, but executed in a
later age, e.g. by Pasiteles (p.liv).
Attica, Attic Story, a low story
with pilasters instead of pillars.
Badia, Abbadia, abbey, convent.
Baldacchino, a canopy supported
by four columns over the aitar.
Basilica, a rectangular edifice with
the nave loftier than the aisles,
and a recess or hemicycle at the
end of the nave. For the early-
Christian basilicas, see p. lxii.
Breccia Broccatello, a kind of
Bucranion, an antique architectonic
ornament in the form of an ox's
Campanile, the usually detached
belfry or Italian churches.
Ciborium, originally = Baldacchino
(see above) ; now the receptacle
on the aitar for the Host.
Cinquecento, the 16th century.
Cipollino, a green-veined white
marble from Eubcea.
Cippus, a boundary-stone; also,
less correctly, a cubical tomb-
stone, sometimes hollowed out
to receive the ashes.
Cista, a toilet-case, generally of
bronze, and sometimes richly de¬
Confessio, a chamber beneath the
high-aitar, containing the tomb
of the crypt.
Cosmato Work, mosaic-work of
coloured marbles, glass-paste,
and gold-leaf found on columns,
choir-screens, and altars in Roman
churches. Comp. p. lxiv.
Diptych, a folding tablet with two
leaves, of wood, ivory, metal, etc.
Exedra, a recess or hemicycle pro-
jecting from an ancient building.
Giallo Antico, yellow Numidian
marble, veined with red.
Hermes orHenna (pl.l/ier>?iae),a bust
attached to a quadrangular pillar.
Loggia, an open arcade, occurring
both on the exterior walls of
palazzi and in their courts.
Municipio, a municipality; some¬
times = town-hall.
Nero Antico,bl&ck Laconian marble.
Niello Work, incised designs on
silver or gold plates, with the linea
filled up with a black composition.
Opus Alexandrinum, a kind of
stone mosaic used for pavements
(12th and 13th cent.).
Opus Reticulatum (net-work), ma-
sonry with the joints running in
Opus Spicatum, pavement of small
bricks laid on their edge in her-
Palazzo Comunale, Pai. Pubblico,
Pavonazzetto, a yellow marble shot
Peperino, volcanic tufa from the
vicinity of Rome (so called from
the black grains it contains, like
Pietà, a rcpresentation of the Ma¬
donna with the dead Christ.
Porta Santa, a kind of breccia, of
mingled red, white, black, blue,
and violet; used in the Porta
Santa (p. 365).
Porticus, a roofed colonnade, either
enclosing a space or in a straight
line ; not to be confounded with
portico, a porch.
Predella, a small narrow painting
placed under a large altar-piece.
Putto, the figure of a child.
Quattrocento, the 15th century.
Rosso Antico, a brownish-red mar¬
ble found in Greece.
Rustica Work, masonry of large
rough blocks, draughted or
smoothed round the edges only.
Termini, the Latin expression for
Hermae (see above).
Travertini, a kind of limestone
found near Tivoli.
Triclinium, the dining-room of an
Triumphal Arch in churches is the
lofty arch dividing the choir from
the transept or the nave (p. lxiii).
Villa, a country-estate, including
house and park. The house it¬
self — the 'villa' in the English
sense — is called Casino.