and on the last three days in Holy Week. — In smaller towns mu-
seums and galleries are also often closed during the Carnival, on
Palm Sunday, Whitsunday, and Whitmonday, and on the day sacred
to the locai patron saint.
Those who desire to study, draw, or copy in the papal museums or
private collections must procure a Permesso through their consul. For
the Papal Museums permission is granted by Monsignor Gaetano Bisleti
(maggiordomo of the pope) at his office, the written application having
been left there a day or two previously. (Separate permessi rcquired
Jor the museums of the Vatican and Lateran, the Vatican picture-gallery,
and Raphael's Logge.) In the case of Private Galleries, application
must be made to the proprietor in Italian or French, stating also which
1 icture it is intended to copy, and the size and description of the copy.
In some collections copies of the originai size must not be made. As
to this and similar regulations, information should be previously ob¬
tained from the custodian. The following form of application to the
Monsgr. Maggiordomo may be also addressed to a principe or marchese,
ihe 'Revma' being in this case omitted.
Il sottoscritto, che si trattiene a Roma con lo scopo di proseguire
■in questa capitale i suoi studi artistici (storici, etc), si prende la
libertà di rivolgersi a Vrà Eccellenza Revma pregando La perchè voglia
accordargli il grazioso permesso di far degli studi (dei disegni, delle
notizie, etc.) nel Museo (nella Galleria) Vaticano.
Sperando di essere favorito da Vrà Eccellenza Revma e pregando
La di gradire anticipatamente i suoi più sinceri ringraziamenti, ha
l'onore di protestarsi col più profondo rispetto
di Vrà Eccellenza Revma
Roma il . . . Ummo Obbmo Servitore
A Sua Eccellenza Revma N. N.
Msgr. Gaetano Bisleti
Maggiordomo di Sua Santità.
Artists,' archaeologists, and scholars, on making application to the
Ministry of Education (p. 251) on a stamped form (carta bollata; 1 fr. 20 e.)
accompanied by an unmountcd photograph of the applicant, receive free
admission (permesso di entrata gratuita) to ali government collections
and excavations throughout the country. For a single town the appli¬
cation is made to the director of the locai gallery (stamp 60 e). The
applicant, if an archseologist or art-critic, must be able to show that he
is the author of some scientific work ; if an artist or scholar, he must
forward a certificate from a university or some similar body counter-
signed by an Italian consul in the applicante country. — Those who
desire to draw, take measurements, or use a tripod-camera in the Forum
or on the Palatine require similar permessi.
Theatres. In Italian theatres the companies are not engaged for
more than a season (stagione) at a time. Even in the largest houses
opera-singers are engaged by an impresario for a series of perform-
ances lasting sometimes only from St. Stephen's day (Dee. 26th)
to the end of the carnival. At the conclusion of an opera an elaborate
spectacular ballet is frequently given. Performances begin at 8,
8.30, or 9, and terminate at midnight or later. — The theatre is the
usuai evening-resort of the Italians, who seldom observe strict
silence during the performance of the music. During the long
intervals (15-20 min.) between the acts visits are interchanged by