however, spared this formality, on conditions explained in the hand-
books of these clubs. On the railways cycles are treated as ordinary
passengers' luggage (p. xvi). Tool-bags should be removed from
cycles when sent by rail, owing to the risk of theft (p. xvii).
Members of the Touring Club Italiano (Milan, Via Monte Napoleone 14 ;
entrance fee 2 fr., annual subscription 8 fr.) or of clubs affìliated with
it command advantageous terms at numerous hotels, and in the pur-
chase of benzine and other motoring and cycling requisites, maps, etc.
Membership cards are accepted as proofs of identity by the post-office
(comp. n. xxvi). The club's map of Italy (1 : 250,000), in course of
publication, may be highly recommended, and one of its best guides is
L. V. Bertarelli's 'Guida-Itinerario delle Strade di grande Comunicazione
dell'Italia' (3 vols. ; Milan 1901), with numerous profile-maps and plans.
The following Itinerary from Flork^ce to Rome is recommended to
cyclists : Ut Bay. 10V2 M. Pontassieve (320 11.) — 25V2 M. Figline Valdarno
(425 ft.) — 33Va M. Montevarchi (470 ft.) — 53i/2 M. Arezzo (840 ft.). — 2nd
Day. 11 M. Castiglione Fiorentino (910 ft.) — I8V2 M- Camuscia (885 ft. ;
Cortona) — 23V2 M. Terontola (1050 f t.), on the Lago Trasimeno — 31 M.
Passignano (865 ft. ; stony stage) — 37V2 M. Magione (985 ft.) — 49V2M.
Perugia (1475 ft.). — 3rd Day. 10i/2 M. Bastia (660 ft.) — 12V2 M. Santa
Maria degli Angeli (715 ft. ; Assisi) — 19V2 M. Spello (720 ft.) — 21V2 M.
Foligno (768 ft.). — 4th Day. 17 M. Spoleto (1130 ft.) — 23 M. Passo
della Somma (2230 ft. ; 2-2i/2 M. very steep). — 5th Day. 33V2 M. Terni
(440 ft. ; digression to the waterfalls, 8-9 M.). — 6th Day. 8*/2 M. Narni
(720 ft.) — 29 M. Civita Castellana (475 ft.). — 62 M. Rome (60 ft.).
VIII. Hotels. Pensions. Private Apartments.
First Class Hotels, comfortably fitted up, are to be found at
Eome, Siena, Perugia, and at most of the principal resorts of trav¬
ellers in Central Italy. Several of those at Eome are kept by Swiss
and German landlords. The price for rooms (3-10 fr. or even more)
usually includes the charge for light and attendance (exclusive of
the porter and frequently also of the 'facchino' or boots). Luncheon
(colazione, déjeuner) usually costs 3-5 fr., dinner (pranzo, diner)
5-7 fr. ; these charges do not include wine, which is generally dear
and heady (comp. p. xxii). For a prolonged stay an agreement may
generally be made for pension at a more moderate rate. Visitors
are expected to dine at the table d'hóte, otherwise the charge for
rooms is apt to be raised. Some hotels, indeed, have recently begun
to charge more for rooms, unless ali meals are ordered in the house;
an arrangement on this point had therefore better be made at once.
The charge for the use of the hotel-omnibus from the station to the
hotel is so high (1-2 fr.), that it is often cheaper to take a cab. I)
is also easier for those who use a cab (definite bargain as to farte
to proceed to another hotel, should they dislike the rooms offered
to them. Rooms on the groundfloor should be avoided. — The best
hotels in Eome are sometimes so crowded at the height of the season,
that accommodation cannot always be reckoned upon even by writing
or wiring in advance. It is therefore advisable to prepay the an-
swer, to prevent disappointment on arrivai.