MOTORING AND CYCLING.
il bagaglio. Porters (facchini) who convey luggage to and from
the carriage are entitled to 5-20 o. per package by tariff at small
stations; at Rome they are entitled to 25 e. for each piece of re-
gistered luggage and 15 e. for hand-luggage. An additional gratuity
As several robberies of passengers' luggage have been perpetrated
in Italy without detection, articles of great value should not be entrusted
to the safe-keeping of any trunk or portmanteau, however strong and
secure it%nay seem (comp. p. xii). — Damaged trunks may be secured
by leaden seals (piombare; 5 e. for each package).
The enormous wejght of the large trunks used by some travellers
not infrequently causes serious injury to the porters who have to handle
them. Heavy articles should therefore always be placed in the smaller
Italian Railway Restaurants, especially those at frontier-stations,
leave much to be desired. Luncheon-baskets (panierina; 3-4 fr.) may be
obtained at some of the larger stations.
Passengers by night-trains from the larger stations may hire pillows
(cuscino, guanciale; 1 fr. ; for abroad 2 fr.). These must not be removed
from the compartment.
VII. Motoring and Cycling.
The roads in Central Italy are good on the whole, though often
dusty in summer and correspondingly muddy in wet weather. This
is specially true of the roads in the Eoman Campagna, though in
general Eome is an excellent centre for both cyclists and motorists.
Ladies should not undertake rides of any distance unescorted.
The rule of the road varies in different parts of Central Italy.
In Eome and its vicinity the rule is the same as in England; i e,
keep to the left in meeting, to the right in overtaking vehicles.
Cyclists in Eome require a police-licence (comp. p. 157).
Motor Cars entering Italy are subject to a customs-duty of
200 fr. for cars weighing 500 kilogr. (ca. 10 cwt.) or less, 400 fr. for
cars weighing between 500 and 1000 kilogr., and 600 fr. for heavier
cars, on payment of which a permesso is granted valid for six months,
which, however, may be extended to one year. The amount paid is
returnable at any customs-station when the car quits the country,
but this repayment is seldom obtained without a good deal of trouble.
■Members of the Touring Club Italiano (see below), or of clubs affi-
liated with it, may pay the duty in advance at Milan or have the
amount guaranteed by a resident in Italy, in which case they receive a
certificate (trittico) obviating the necessity of paying at thefrontier.
Drivers' licences issued by foreign countries are accepted, but both
these and the permesso for the car must be registered within five days
at a prefettura.
The unattached Cyclist on entering Italy with his wheel must
deposit 42 fr. 60 e. with the custom-house authorities, which sum
is returned to him (though seldom without difficulties) when he
quits the country. Members of well-known cycling associations are,
Baedeker. Central Italv. 15th ~RA\i- ^