The best Time Table is the Orario Ufficiale, published by the
Fratelli Pozzo at Turin and Eome (1 fr., smaller editions at 80 e,
50 e, and 20 e). — Eailway time is that of Central Europe, which
is 55 min. in advance of French railway time and 10 min. in ad-
vance of Eoman true time (comp. p. ii).
Tickets. In the larger towns it is better, when possible, to
take the tickets at the town-agency (agenzia di città) of the rail¬
way. The booking-office at large stations is open 40 min., at small
stations 20 min. before the departure of the trains. Holders of
tickets are alone entitled to enter the waiting-rooms. When there
is any crowd at the station the traveller will find it convenient to
have as nearly as possible the exact fare ready in his hand, includ¬
ing the stamp-duty of 5 e. on each ticket. In any case it is advis-
able to keep a sharp eye on the ticket-clerks, as 'mistakes' are by
no means infrequenti (comp. p. x), while no attention is paid to sub-
sequent complaints. At the end of the journey tickets are given
up at the uscita. Tickets for distances of less than 150 kil. (90 M.)
do not permit of a break of journey.
For distances exceeding 150 kil. fares are calculated according to a
sliding-scale (tariffa differenziale A), that makes it advantageous to take
a ticket for as long a distance as possible. With few exceptions tickets
of this kind are issued only via the shortest route between any two
points ; they are valid for one day for each 100 kil. (62 M.), not count-
ing the day of issue. Journeys of 300 kil. (186 M.) may be broken once
without any formalities, of 600 kil. twice ; of 900 kil. thrice : of 1000 kil.
four times ; and longer journeys five times. Thus a ticket from Chiasso
to Rome via Milan, Parma, and Pisa, a distance of 687 kil. (426 M.) is
valid for seven days and permits the journey to be broken thrice, while
the price is (2nd ci.) 39 fr. 50 e. instead of 61 fr. 40 e. as previously.
Also luggage for distances over 150 kil. enjoys preferential tariff.
Return Tickets (Biglietti di andata-ritorno) for distances up
to 100 kilomètres (62 M.) are valid for one day only, up to 200 kil.
for 2 days, up to 300 kil. for 3 days, and beyond 300 kil. for 4 days.
But those issued on Sat. and the eves of national holidays (see
p. xxiii) are available for three, those issued on Sun. or festivals
for two days at least. These tickets do not allow the journey to be
Circular Tour Tickets of two kinds are available for travellers
1. The so-called 'Rundreise Tickets' (Biglietti combinabili
internazionali), including coupons for foreign as well as Italian
railways. The regulations affecting these tickets are similar to those
of France, Germany, Belgium, and other Continental countries. The
routes are arranged to meet the wishes of the individuai traveller.
No luggage is allowed free. As the railways of Great Britain are
not included in this international arrangement, the distances (see
below) are reckoned from the first Continental station reached from
England (e.g. Calais, Dieppe).