be guarantecd by two well-known residcnts or by an exhibition of the
passport. The charge for moncy-orders grantcd in Italy and payable in
Great Britain is 40 e. per 11. stcrling. Telegraph Money Oraers are
allowed for certain places in Italy only.
The tinic and labour which the traveller has bestowed on the
study of Italian at home will be amply repaid as he proceeds on
his journey. It is quite possible for persons entirely ignorant of
Italian and French to travel through Italy with tolerable comfort;
but such travellers cannot conveniently deviate from the ordinary
track, and are moreover invariably made to pay 'alla Inglese' by
hotel-keepers and others, i. e. considerably more than the ordinary
charges. French is very useful, and it may suffìce for Eome; but
for those who desire the utmost possible freedom, combined with
the lowest possible expenditure, a slight acquaintance with the
language of the country is indispensable.f — Those who spend any
Urne in Eome are recommended to take Italian lessons; teachers
may be heard of at the booksellers'.
III. Passports. Custom House. Luggage.
Passports, though not required in Italy, are occasionally use¬
ful, as, for example, in obtaining the delivery of registered letters
and money orders (comp. p. xxv). The countenance and help of the
British and American consuls can, of course, be extended to those
persons only who can prove their nationality. Cyclists and motorists
(comp. xvii) should always carry passports.
Passports may be obtained in England direct from the Foreign Office
(fee 2s.), or through C. Smith & Sons, 23 Craven St., Charing Cross (charge
4s., including agent's fee), Buss, 4 Adelaide Street, Strand (fee 4s.),
Thomas Cook and Son, Ludgate Circus (3s. Gd.), or Henry Blacklock & Co.
('Bradshaw's Guides'), 59 Fleet St. (5s.). — In the United States ap¬
plication for passports should be made to the Passports Bureau, State
Department, Washington, D.C.
f A few words on the pronuìiciation may be acceptable to persons
unacquainted with the language. C before e and i is pronounced like the
English eh; g before e and i like j. Before other vowels e and g are
hard. Ch and gh, which generally precede e or i, are hard. Se before e
or i is pronounced like sh; gn and gì between vowels like nyi and Ivi.
The vowels a, e, i, o, u are pronounced ah, a (as in fate), ee, o, oo.
H is silent (ho, I have, is pronounced o) ; gu and qu are pronounced like
gw and kw (not as in French). — In addressing persons of the educated
classes 'Lei', with the 3rd pers. sing., should always be employed (ad¬
dressing several at once, 'loro' with the 3rd pers. pi.). 'Voi' is used in
addressing waiters, drivers, etc.
The cardinal numbers from 1-20 are as follows : uno (un, un trédici
tre, quattro, cinque, sei, sette, otto, nove, dieci, undici, dódici,a), due,,
quattórdici, quindici, sédici, diciasétte, diciàtto, dicianóve, venti; 30,
trenta; 40, quaranta; 50, cinquanta; 60, sessanta; 70, settanta; 80, ot¬
tanta; 90, novanta; 100, cento; 1000, mille.