ment, and also to be well-managed and with a reasonable scale of
charges. Houses of a more inodest character, when good of their
class, are described as 'good' or 'very fair'. At the sanie time the
Editor does not doubt that comfortable quarters are to be obtained
at houses both of the first and second class that he has not recom-
mended or even mentioned. The Constant changes in the ownership
and management of hotels, the varying tastes and requirements of
travellers, even the different seasons at which tours are made,
render an unconditional verdict quite impossible. Although changes
frequently take place, and prices generally have an upward tendency,
the average charges stated in the Handbook will enable the trav¬
eller to forni a fair estimate of his probable expenditure.
To hotel-proprietors, tradesmen, and others the Editor begs to
intimate that a character for fair dealing and courtesy towards
travellers is the sole passport to his commendation, and that ad-
vertisements of every kind are strictly excluded from his Hand-
books. Hotel-keepers are also warned against persons representing
themselves as agents for Baedeker's Handbooks.
M. = Engl. mile.
ft. = Engl. foot.
kil. — kilomètre.
kg. = kilogramme.
hr. = hour.
min. = minute.
Alb. = Albergo (hotel).
Tratt. = Trattoria (restaurant).
omn. = omnibus.
carr. = carriage.
N. = north, northern.
S. = south, etc. Also, supper.
E. = east, etc.
The letter d with a date, after the name of a person, indicates the
year of his dcath. The number of feet given after the name of a place
shows its height above the sea-level. The number of miles before the
principal placcs on railway-routes and highroads indicates their distance
from the starting-point of the route.
Asterisks are uscd as inarks of commendation.
W. = west, etc.
R. — room. Also, route.
B. = breakfast.
L., or dcj. = luncheon (dcjcuncr).
D. = dinner.
rfrnts. = refreshments.
pens. = pension (i.e. board and
fr. = frane (Ital. lira).
e. = centime (Ital. centesimo).
ca. = circa (about).
comp. = compare.
capp. = cappella (chapel).